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Youth and Agriculture

Key Challenges and Concrete Solutions










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    Project
    Promoting alternatives to migration for rural youth in Ethiopia and Tunisia - GCP/INT/240/ITA 2019
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    Poverty, food insecurity and a lack of employment opportunities drive many young men and women around the world to search for jobs elsewhere. In Africa, where youth underemployment and unemployment rates are particularly high, many young people move away from rural areas, also because they do not perceive agriculture as an attractive and remunerative sector. The project aimed to address the adverse drivers of migration in two target countries, Tunisia and Ethiopia, which are particularly prone to rural outmigration of youth, while at the same time harnessing the development potential of migratory movements. In particular, the project focused on the promotion of innovative mechanisms to create job and entrepreneurial opportunities in rural areas. It also filled evidence gaps on the determinants and impacts of rural migration and promoted better policy integration between migration, agriculture and rural development.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Report of the national rural youth workshop on rural youth, food security and sustainable rural development in the Lao People's Democratic Republic 2005
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    An account of the workshop which convened from 26 to 27 January 2005 in Vientiane, Lao People's Democratic Republic and brought together 61 rural youth from 18 provinces in the country to discuss the needs, constraints and challenges confronting young people. Youth make up a large proportion of populations in Asia and the Pacific region, many of whom live in poor, rural areas and lack adequate education and training and/or or are unemployed – conditions that make them vulnerable to exploitation in unsafe and unfair occupations with negative consequences (such as prostitution, HIV/AIDS and drug abuse). In the Lao People's Democratic Republic, 36 percent of the youth aged 10 to 25 have never attended school. Only 17 percent complete upper secondary school. Although working in agricultural fields is a daily duty for most rural youth, many consider themselves unemployed owing to the irregular and seasonal income from their endeavours. A large number move to urban areas where boys usually find employment in the construction industry while girls work in the garment industry, restaurants and entertainment localities where they may become involved in the sex industry. The report includes summaries of the group discussions and presentations as well as recommendations for improving the prospects of rural youth in the Lao People's Democratic Republic.
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    Project
    Agrinvest Zimbabwe: Supporting Jobs for Youth through Private Investment in Agricultural Value Chains - TCP/ZIM/3702 2022
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    The bedrock of Zimbabwe’s economy is its agricultural sector, which also employs around 70 percent of the population Zimbabwe is a youthful country, with approximately 67 7 percent of the total population under the age of 35 Considering the high unemployment levels, in particular of youth, the Government of Zimbabwe places the development of the country’s agrifood system at the heart of any strategy aiming to deliver employment and entrepreneurship opportunities for young people in both rural and urban areas Development finance institutions ( and donors are increasingly aware that in order to achieve the SDGs, the amount of Official Development Assistance ( provided is well below the total funding needed To fill this financial gap, DFIs and donors have started to use ( ODA funds, to create blended financial instruments, which incentivize the mobilization of private investment in agriculture Investment opportunities exist along the value chains however, the promotion of sustainable private investment in priority agrifood sectors, as well as inputs and services sectors associated with them, need to embrace a two pronged approach This involves i providing support for developing bankable investment projects that can contribute to a higher competitiveness of priority agrifood subsectors and ii) supporting innovative approaches to reduce the main risk elements in creating an enabling environment associated with these investments Against this background, the project aimed to implement the AgrInvest concept (a blended FAO finance initiative that uses public funding to attract sustainable private investments in the agrifood sector), to facilitate improvements in the enabling environment by tackling the risks associated with agricultural investment, such as inconsistent and unpredictable agricultural and/or subsector policies, or the existence of legislative, regulatory or other institutional bottlenecks.

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