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Strengthening the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture - GCP/INT/975/SWI










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    Biocultural Community Protocols for Livestock Keepers 2010
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    Biocultural Community Protocols are a new approach that provides livestock-keeping communities the opportunity of documenting and showcasing their role in the management of animal genetic resources and agro-ecosystems. They offer insights into the all-important socio-cultural dimensions of livestock diversity that have remained invisible during standard livestock research on animal genetic resources. They provide an opportunity for communities to tell the story from their perspective and bring t o light issues that researchers and development workers have not paid attention to so far. They describe the ritual and ceremonial meaning of livestock, they document traditional resource management and drought adaptation strategies, they identify the factors that may have led to the decline of a breed, and they make specific requests to outsiders for recognition of their role as custodians of biological diversity. Establishment of a biocultural community protocol involves a facilitated process in which a community or group of livestock keepers reflects about the meaning of their breeds, their own role in maintaining it and their vision and concerns for and about the future. The reflections are put on paper, and the community is informed about existing national rules and international legal frameworks that support its role in biodiversity conservation. Although the number of biocultural community protocols that has been established by livestock keepers is still limited, they have alrea dy validated the concept and there is an enormous interest among other communities in developing their protocols. Biocultural community protocols contribute to the implementation of several international frameworks. The most important of these are the UN Convention on Biological Diversity and the Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources. They also correspond to and implement the provisions of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People as well as the Voluntary Guidelines to S upport the Progressive Realization of the Right to Adequate Food in the Context of National Food Security. Furthermore, they may provide an answer to the increasingly debated question of how to protect the rights of small-scale livestock keepers in a global scenario in which Intellectual Property Rights become ever more prevalent in animal breeding. At community level, the development of biocultural community protocols strengthens interest in the conservation of indigenous livestock breeds and i nitiates a discussion about how to deal with factors undermining conservation
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    Incorporating genetic diversity and indicators into statistics and monitoring of farmed aquatic species and their wild relatives 2017
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    The FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, realizing that substantial production from aquaculture and capture fisheries is based on groups below the level of the species and that genetic information has a variety of uses in fishery management, requested FAO to undertake a thematic study to explore incorporating genetic diversity and indicators into statistics and monitoring of farmed aquatic species and their wild relatives. Information about aquatic genetic resources can be extremely useful to resource managers, policy-makers, private industry and the general public. Not only is genetic diversity the basic building block for selective breeding programmes in aquaculture and for natural populations to adapt to changing environments and evolve, but information on genetic diversity can also be used, inter alia, to help meet production and consumer demands, to prevent and diagnose disease, to trace fish and fish products in the production chain, to monitor impacts of alien species on native species, to differentiate cryptic species, to manage broodstock, and to design more effective conservation and species recovery programmes. However, the majority of resource managers and those government officials submitting information to FAO do not use or have sufficient access to information on aquatic genetic diversity of farmed species and their wild relatives.
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    Strengthening National Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) Programme in Belarus for Conservation and Use of Plant Genetic Resources - TCP/BYE/3601 2020
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    Belarus has prioritized agriculture, water and forestry as key sectors for adaptation to climate change, with special attention being given to the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA) through the State Programme, "Mobilization and Sustainable Use of Plant Genetic Resources of the National Bank for Breeding, Enriching of Cultivated and Natural Flora of Belarus". However, implementation of the programme has been slow. In addition, Belarus is not a contracting party to the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA). Breeding centres and institutes in the country depend on material from abroad; membership of ITPGRFA would facilitate the exchange of such material and the establishment of good relations with foreign institutes and companies. A further significant obstacle to effective conservation is the absence of PGR inventories.

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