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Final Evaluation of the Project “Mainstreaming the Use and Conservation of Agrobiodiversity in Public Policy through Integrated Strategies and in situ Implementation in four Andean Highlands Provinces” GCP/ECU/086/GFF GEF ID 4777 - Management response

Project evaluation - Management response









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    Book (series)
    Final evaluation of the project “Mainstreaming the use and conservation of agrobiodiversity in public policy through integrated strategies and in situ implementation in four Andean Highlands provinces”
    Project code: GCP/ECU/086/GFF GEF ID: 4777
    2018
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    Ecuador has been recognized as one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world. It present a great variety of native crops preserved thanks to traditional agricultural practices of indigenous communities. The GEF-funded project “Integrate the use and conservation of agro-biodiversity in public policies” sought to overcome the many threats affecting biodiversity while reducing rural poverty. The project contributed to enhance food security and the livelihoods of family farmers by supporting the sustainable use of local crops and developing short marketing circuits. The project also supported the integration of agrobiodiversity in the National Strategy for Biodiversity and in the Development and Land Management Plans at provincial level. It was instrumental to the formulation of the Agrobiodiversity and Seeds Law, the development of a database of 546 native seeds and to the establishment of Bio-knowledge and Agricultural Development Centers. Future projects should continue supporting national and local governments in regulating and implementing the Agrobiodiversity and Seeds Law, in establishing the National Agrarian Authority and creating a niche in the national and international market for native crops.
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    Book (series)
    Final evaluation of the project “Conservation of biodiversity and mitigation of land degradation through adaptive management of agricultural heritage systems
    Project code: GCP/MOR/044/GFF GEF ID: 5481
    2020
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    Morocco has a diverse and varied landscape, as part of the Mediterranean basin. Nevertheless, the country's valuable biodiversity, including the Atlas Mountains and its oasis systems, is threatened. 30 000 hectares of plant cover are thus lost each year in Morocco; this has significant consequences on the various species that depend on this cover for their protection, and creates a vicious circle. Biodiversity conservation and mitigation of land degradation through adaptive management of agricultural heritage systems are a priority for the country. To face these challenges, between April 2015 and December 2019, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) with the contribution of the Government of Morocco through its multiple Action Plans; the effective involvement of the technical units of the central, regional and provincial Directorates of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Rural Development (MAPM), and Water and Forests (MAPMDREF), have implemented a project with the participation of the populations of the various communities concerned. Project activities were carried out at five oasis sites. The contribution of the project to the current political discourse on oases and the pioneering role in the use of Globally important agricultural heritage system (GIAHS) certification are important achievements. However, although the project appears innovative and timely, its relevance could have been strengthened with a more balanced intervention logic in terms of its objectives and the duration of its implementation. The project relies on GIAHS certification to achieve its objectives, but due to delays with the project start-up, and the dispersed and isolated nature of the sites, not all of the certification processes were successful despite being initiated. This created disparities in opportunities. Beyond the labelling of crops, the project aimed to promote biodiversity integration into markets, notably through organic farming. However, several activities remain incomplete, compromising the project’s effectiveness. The project suffers from poor communication, both internally and externally. As progress on the sites is uneven, the sustainability of the project interventions is also uneven; however, the promotion of oasis cultures needs to be supported and sustained.
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    Book (series)
    Terminal evaluation of the project “A new green line: Mainstreaming biodiversity conservation objectives and practices into China’s Water Resources Management Policy and Planning Practice”
    Project code: GCP/CPR/057/GFF - GEF ID: 5665
    2023
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    The project was funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and implemented by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) through the Operational Partners Implementation Modality. Freshwater scarcity and pollution threaten the long-term sustainability of key sectors such as agricultural production and productivity and, therefore, food security and nutrition. The project was designed to respond to this growing problem of water stress in China. The final evaluation provided a comprehensive and systematic account of the project’s performance by assessing its design, implementation and achievement of objectives. Based on its findings and conclusions, the evaluation recommended: replicating the activities and practices within the pilot provinces and in different provinces; finalizing the sustainability plan; ensuring that, for future projects, reporting and evidence clearly address targets and are prepared in a timely manner for mid-term reviews and terminal evaluations; adopting a systematic and transparent approach to the regular reassessment of environmental and social impacts; establishing a bird monitoring system along the Chuan River in Jingdong County; and sharing experiences and lessons learned in indirect project execution in China with other FAO Country Offices and teams.

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