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Somalia Situation Report – May 2017









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    Somalia Situation Report – June 2017 2017
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    Extended drought and consecutive poor harvests have impacted rural livelihoods and food security in Somalia, pushing the country to the brink of famine. Some 6.7 million people currently face acute food insecurity (IPC Phases 2, 3 & 4), with the majority – 68 percent – of severely food insecure people (IPC phases 3 & 4) in rural areas (2.2 million). Rural areas are home to nine in ten people at greatest risk. The worst has so far been averted via a combination of interventions, including cash tr ansfers and livelihood support delivered by FAO at massive scale in rural areas. The April–June rains are critical to Somalia’s main Gu growing season and help rejuvenate rangelands; this year they started late and have been below average in most areas. Precipitation did allow crops to germinate, though yields in rainfed areas will depend on the level and distribution of rain during the remainder of the season. Forecasting suggests precipitation is tapering off and will end up below-average. Sti ll, rains have improved rangeland conditions and partially filled water catchments, providing some relief for pastoralists and their livestock. Animal body conditions are expected to improve. Disease continues to compound needs and impact food security, and displacement has somewhat slowed recently due to a variety of factors.
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    Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Post Gu 2012 2012
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    The findings of the FSNAU, FEWS NET and partner post- Gu 2012 seasonal assessment results indicate continued improvements in food security and nutrition situation in Somalia. During a famine year of 2011, over 4 million people, or more than half of the population of Somalia were facing an acute food security crisis. In the post_Gu 2012, an estimated 2.12 million people, or 28 percent of the country’s population, remain in acute food security crisis (IPC Phases 3 and 4) for the August to December 2012 period. This indicates a 16 percent reduction from the beginning of the year. 53.7 percent of the food insecure are classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in urban and rural areas, 7.9 percent are classified in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) in urban and rural areas, and 38.4 percent are IDPs in a food security crisis. In addition, an estimated 1.7 million people in rural and urban areas are classified in Stressed phase (IPC Phase 2). The improved situation is attributed to sustained humanitarian int erventions over the last twelve months, improved food stocks at the household and market levels following an exceptional January 2012 Deyr harvest, improved milk availability and higher livestock prices in most pastoral areas of Somalia. Despite the decrease of the population in need, the total remains among the world’s largest. Lifesaving humanitarian assistance remains necessary between now and December to help food insecure populations meet immediate food needs, protect livelihoods, and build resilience.
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    Newsletter
    GIEWS Update - The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
    Dire food insecurity situation in northern areas due to conflict
    2021
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    In northern Tigray Region and neighbouring Amhara and Afar regions, conflict has severely damaged rural livelihood systems and displaced about 3.2 million people. In Tigray Region, crop production of the main 2021 “Meher” harvest, currently underway, is estimated to be 58 percent below the already poor 2020 main harvest, resulting in the third consecutive season with reduced production since the start of hostilities in November 2020. About 15 percent of the heads of livestock in Tigray Region has been looted or slaughtered. In June 2021, about 4.4 million people in conflict-affected areas were projected to face severe food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 [Crisis] and above) between July and September, including 401 000 people in IPC Phase 5 (Catastrophe). The current prevalence and severity of food insecurity are likely to be higher as the projection could not be carried out for all areas affected by the conflict in June and due to the expansion of hostilities to most of Afar and Amhara regions since July. Unimpeded humanitarian access is urgently needed to support vulnerable households in conflict‑affected areas to avert the risk of famine.

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