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Sub-Regional Workshop on Artisanal Safety at Sea, Banjul, The Gambia, 26-28 September 1994 (Report and case studies)








Satia, B.P., J. Gallène, F. Houéhou, Sub-Regional Workshop on Artisanal Safety at Sea.1994 Banjul, The Gambia, 26 - 28 September 1994 IDAF Project, 57p.,


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    Data compendium on safety at sea for seven West African countries: Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra-Leone and Cape Verde, 1991-1994 1995
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    Safety at sea, as the artisanal fisheries sector in general, has been neglected during decades. and policies were favouring industrial fisheries. Nevertheless, Goverments are now adopting a more realistic approach more in tune toward development, and more in agreement with the fishermen's needs. As a result, Senegal, Guinea and Cape Verde already have specific administrations dealing with safety at sea matters. With the exception of Senegal, Mauritania and Guinea, very few activities were real ized for the safety at sea in other countries. Therefore, the Department of Fisheries of seven countries of the sub-region; Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra-Leone and Cape Verde ; in cooperation with IDAF, engaged in a methodic data collection on safety at sea and related accidents occured during fishing and transport activities from 1991 to 1994.Each year, artisanal fishermen paid a heavy price for these accidents at sea. disasters repited themselves, startin g from a simple capsizing without any serious consequences up to a collision between small and big boats and final wrecking. Causes of accidents are plenty the wind and the wavesappears to be the most importants. This result with a lot of death and injured. One should not forget the value of the material lost which is for this survey estimated at 1,261. 449 US Dollars. The results published in the present analysis demonstrate not only the high importance of the accidents dues properly to sea wor king conditions, their frequency, but also the importance of human and material losses. The data analysed shows that 518 accidents were declared to the investigators during the field work. During those accidents, 340 peoples died and 285 were injured. This survey is not exhaustive, because it was observed that people remain better the death than injuries on board. It can be believed also that with the time passing, the declaration obtained from those accidents sometime occured more than four years ago, lack of precision. Among the main factors having contributed to the accidents of the artisanal sector in the sub-region, we obtained by decreasing order: The wind with 153 cases. The waves with 185 cases. The Innatention, 66 cases. Engine failure, 35 cases. Overload of the boats, 33 cases. Disorientation, 26 cases. Fog, 23 cases. Panic, 23 cases. Various factors contributed to the accidents, however, it was observed that about 32 %of the disasters are due to negligence of the u sers. Among the boats surveyed, thoses with length comprised inbetween 12 and 22 meters are the most concerned, with 274 units being the victim of an accident. Data analysis revealed that for the totality of the boats included in the survey, more than 72 % are motorised units, using occasionally paddles and/or sail as auxiliary means of propulsion. Nevertheless, generally speaking, where the engine is the main means of propulsion, it is common to see small canoes going fishing without emergenc y sail and without any paddle on board. A long term work must be considered throughout sensitization field work for safety at sea.A programme for training of trainers in safety at sea matters within the Direction of Fisheries of the countries concerned appears as a priority.
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    Report of the sixth IDAF (Programme for Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa) Liaison Officers Meeting. Banjul, The Gambia, 1-5 February 1993 1993
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    The Sixth Meeting of IDAF Liaison Officers which took place at the International Trypanotolerance Centre (ITC) Banjul, at the kind invitation of the Government of the Gambia from 1 - 2 February 1993, and the Workshop on Fisherfolk Organisations which followed that meeting at the same venue from 3 - 5 February 1993. are in keeping with the Programme's endeavour to continuously seek appropriate strategies to improve its guidance and assistance to fisherfolk communities; through appropriate dialogu e and consultations among actors in the artisanal fisheries sector. In addition to the impressive participation (18 of 20 Liaison Officers), Banjul offered the technicians who were present an opportunity to make a critical, objective and exhaustive analysis of the actions undertaken or planned in the different countries covered by IDAF.The importance of the Banjul meeting is evidenced by the fact that the participants are aware of the fragility of results obtained, which results they promis ed to preserve and reinforce. But Banjul will be remembered in that it is an example of the Team Spirit which must prevail between different actors or participants in the Programme for the welfare of fisherfolks. Liaison Officers are conscious of the need for them to fully play their role of close collaborators of the Programme, animators of group action and actors in the permanent exchange of view points between the different interest groups in the Programme. In keeping with the participator y approach which the Programme promotes, participants designated three representatives (Liaison Officers) to the Working Group charged with elaborating the project document for a possible IDAF phase III.
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    Report of the Workshop on fisherfolk Organisations in West Africa. Banjul, The Gambia, 3-5 February 1993 1993
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    The grouping of fisherfolk in the artisanal fisheries sector is a natural and desirable phenomenon and they exist under a variety of names or titles. Indeed, some people are of the opinion that the grouping of fisherfolk is an important organizational framework for encouraging the participation of artisanal fisherfolk in the development and management of their fisheries. A good many fisherfolk organisations exist in the countries IDAF assists. Some have operated well and others not so well. Evidence is accumulating that fisherfolk organisations is one of the best tools of achieving a project's objective but they are not a cheap means of development. Considerable amount of energy, imagination, self commitment and effort are needed to put into a place a workable and successful fisherfolk organisation. In the endeavour to encourage the exchange of experience on the subject by its partners and clientele, IDAF commissioned seven case studies in three distinct socio-economic enviro nments by authors who are themselves actors in Fisherfolk Organisations. A Workshop was later organized at Banjul, The Gambia, from 3 - 5 February 1993 as a follow-up to IDAF Sixth Liaison Officers Meeting.

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