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Open Dialogue Platforms for the Strengthening of Comprehensive Strategies for Hunger Reduction, Rural Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Agriculture - TCP/RLA/3716








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    Project
    Strengthening Resource Mobilization Strategies to Eradicate Hunger and Malnutrition, and to Foster Sustainable Rural Development and Climate-Resilient Agriculture - TCP/RLA/3718 2022
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    For more than 25 years, official development assistance ( has been distributed on the basis of a classification of countries by income Developed by the World Bank, this establishes a graduation system which places countries in high, upper middle, lower middle and low income categories While this methodology certainly provides highly useful information and data for macro economic analysis, it provides an average figure and therefore fails to highlight inequalities within the countries The Latin American and Caribbean region faithfully reflects this situation, as it has yet to efficiently address the challenges of halting malnutrition, strengthening rural agriculture and building resilience to climate change Despite the region’s growth in recent years, with most countries in the high and upper middle income brackets, the idea that they can take control of their own development, through domestic financing, fails to take into account the inequalities that can be generated in terms of domestic wealth distribution, climate vulnerability or social and political instability It is also possible to identify pockets of absolute poverty within each country, which still require technical and financial expertise and, hence, continue to require international cooperation A greater contribution is expected from the private sector through financial instruments that attract investment in line with the Sustainable Development Goals ( Currently, countries and stakeholders in the region have insufficient knowledge of private financing mechanisms and public private partnerships for project development, thereby hampering access to new resources The project aimed to develop conceptual frameworks on resource mobilization trends and opportunities for Latin American and Caribbean countries, while striking a structural balance between the different thematic areas in which FAO provides technical assistance and support The aim was to assist countries in identifying sources of financing that would enable them to achieve the SDGs, and to bring the corresponding strategic partners closer to the region and actively seek new private financing mechanisms At the national level, the objective was to increase the resources available to execute technical collaboration projects, through close interaction between governments, cooperation agencies and the private sector The desired outcome was to provide the region with a strategy for mobilizing resources to combat hunger and poverty among rural populations that are also vulnerable to climate change For this purpose, regional coordination is needed to support the project, which will help identify experiences and lessons learned that can be replicated or adapted in other countries at a later stage.
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    Book (series)
    Near East and North Africa – Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition, 2022
    Statistics and trends
    2023
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    This year’s report presents evidence that Arab States face significant challenges in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 2 targets related to hunger, food security, and nutrition, as undernourishment, moderate or severe food insecurity, and malnourishment are increasing. Child wasting and overweight are higher, and adult obesity is double the global average. LDCs and conflict-affected countries suffer from even more severe hunger and malnutrition, including child stunting, wasting, and women’s anaemia. The report also provides the first assessment of the cost and affordability of a healthy diet since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, which shows a growing trend in the price of nutritious diets in recent years and that more than half the Arab population cannot afford a healthy diet. The Ukraine crisis, which has triggered food shortages and increased food price inflation, further adds to the burden on the region. This year, the report focuses on how trade can enable regional food security and nutrition. Arab countries rely significantly on imports for the essential food items necessary for diverse and healthy diets that they cannot locally produce in sufficient quantities due to limited natural resource endowments. It discusses the role of trade and trade facilitation as essential enablers of all four dimensions of food security and nutrition. It also underlines how tariffs and non-tariff measures influence the economic access to food in the area. On the other hand, countries that depend on trade may become more exposed to outside shocks, as the pandemic and the Ukraine crisis have highlighted. The report assesses Arab countries’ vulnerabilities, such as import dependency and lack of supplier diversification. To reduce the exposure to such external shocks, international trade must be carefully managed, sources of imports should be diversified, and international trade relations must be expanded to include new partners and markets. The report concludes with further policy recommendations that aim for the better integration of trade into food security and nutrition policies in the region.
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    Book (series)
    Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia 2018
    The role of migration, rural women and youth in sustainable development
    2018
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    The Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia 2018 provides new evidence for monitoring trends in food security and nutrition within the framework of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. The in-depth analysis of progress made against Sustainable Development Goal 2 Target 2.1 (to end hunger and ensure access to food by all) and Target 2.2 (to end all forms of malnutrition), as well as the state of micronutrient deficiencies, is complemented by a review of recent policy measures taken to address food security and nutrition in all its dimensions. The Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region encompasses great economic, social and environmental diversity, and its countries are facing various food security and nutrition challenges. While they have made significant progress in reducing the prevalence of undernourishment over the past two decades, new evidence shows a stagnation of this trend, particularly in Central Asia. Malnutrition in one or more of its three main forms – undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, and overweight and obesity – is present to varying degrees in all countries of the region. Often, all three forms coexist, creating what is called the “triple burden of malnutrition.” Overweight among children and obesity among adults continue to rise – with now almost one-fourth of the region’s adults obese – and constitute a significant concern for future health and well-being and related costs. While poverty levels in most ECA countries have been declining in recent years, poverty coupled with inequality has led to increased vulnerability of disadvantaged groups and populations in rural and remote areas of low- and lower-middle-income countries. New analysis shows that adult women have a higher prevalence of severe food insecurity than men in some areas, pointing to gender inequalities that are reflected in access to food. Addressing gender and other inequalities is key to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and heeding the call to “leave no one behind.” The publication’s focus this year is on migration, gender and youth and the linkages with rural development and food security in Europe and Central Asia. Migration is linked in multiple ways to gender, youth, and agricultural and rural development – both as a driver and possible source of development opportunities, with labour migration and remittances playing significant roles in the region. Changing migration processes need to be fully understood to better address the challenges of migration and harness the potential benefits for sustainable development and revitalized rural areas. Governments, public and private institutions, communities and other concerned parties must strengthen collaboration and scale up efforts towards achieving the goals of a thriving, healthy and food-secure region.

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