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Technical Support to Enhance Capacity for Technology Transfer and Extension to Increase Production and Income for Farmers/Rural Population - TCP/DRK/3802








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    Support Sustainable Rice Cropping in Reclaimed Areas for Increased Grain Production - TCP/DRK/3702 2022
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    Rice is the Democratic People's Republic of Korea major grain, accounting for about 35 percent of the total cultivated area Average production of rice during 2012 2017 was 2 512 million tonnes amounting to 45 3 percent of the total food (in cereal equivalent) produced in the country A major natural constraint to expanding agricultural production in the country is the limited availability of arable land, owing to the country’s mountainous terrain In order to address this issue, the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea pursues the policy of land reclamation in tidally inundated lowland along the country’s coastlines Over the past decade, vast areas of tideland, such as Taegyedo and Kumsong Tideland, have been reclaimed and turned into fertile land.
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    Emergency Support to Vulnerable Households to Mitigate the Impact of Drought and Floods on Agriculture - TCP/DRK/3705 2020
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    In August 2018, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea faced one of the most severe heat waves/droughts in decades. Below average rainfall from mid-July until mid-August, normally the wettest months, coupled with high temperatures, resulted in moisture stress during critical crop development stages in localized areas of main crop-producing provinces. The six most affected provinces were North Hamgyong, North Hwanghae, South Hwanghae, South Hamgyong, South Pyongan and Nampo. The situation was further exacerbated by heavy rains in late August 2018, which caused flash flooding in the provinces of north and south Hwanghae. Over 9 000 people were displaced, nearly 1 800 residential buildings were destroyed or damaged, and 11 745 ha of arable land were flooded. With only 22 percent of the total land area of the country arable, an imminent crop failure would have serious consequences on the food security situation in the country. Despite a trend towards slow but steady growth of food production over the past five years (2012-2017), domestic production still falls short of meeting the demand for food by about one million tonnes in cereal equivalent. The erratic performance of the country’s agriculture sector is also caused by the recurrence of extreme weather events (drought and flood) - almost annually, hindering sowing and/or retarding the growth and development of planted crops - difficulties in cultivating the large mountainous terrain, and lack of access to modern production inputs, including fuel, tools and equipment for mechanized farming. In addition to general food insecurity, most people do not consume an adequately diverse diet, which reinforces cycles of undernutrition. The project focused on providing emergency support to mitigate the impact on crop production from the ongoing drought and floods, while also promoting complementary risk prevention and mitigation measures for more resilient farming systems.
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    Technical Support for Agroforestry Development in Lowland Landscapes for Improved Food Security - TCP/DRK/3602 2020
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    Agricultural production in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has been unable to meet the demandfor food since the 1990s as a result of recurrent naturaldisasters such as floods and droughts. The prevalenceof food inadequacy remains at 57 percent and the depthof the food deficit is estimated to be from 341 to344 kcal/capita/day. Attempts to increase foodproduction have led to the large-scale deforestation ofhill slopes and their conversion into agricultural land withno control of crop choices, cultivation methods or slopegradients. The accelerated degradation of forestlandscapes has caused damage to soil fertility and cropproduction in fertile valleys and the gradual loss ofproductive lowlands.The project aimed to restore degraded forestland andimprove land management by providing amultidisciplinary approach to the developed integration ofagriculture and forestry in food production and bymitigating the impact of climate change impacts throughthe introduction of conservation and climate-adaptiveagriculture on mountain slopes and valleys. The projectalso provided farming inputs, such as greenhouses,tractors, seeds, seedlings and other planting materialsfor the establishment of agroforestry and the expansionof intercropping and conservation agriculture.

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