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Programme to sustainably manage and restore land and biodiversity in the Guadalquivir Basin









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    Book (series)
    Terminal evaluation of the project “Biodiversity conservation and sustainable use in five macroregions to improve human nutrition”
    Project code: GCP/BOL/046/GFF – GEF ID: 4577
    2023
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    The objectives of this project were: keeping agrobiodiversity in situ in five macro-ecoregions and improving the livelihoods of local populations; and managing and taking advantage of agrobiodiversity to sustainably improve food and nutritional security with improved access of Indigenous populations and local communities to nutritional and diversified diets. Some of the highlighted best practices were: the recovery of ancestral knowledge; encouraging the valuing of agrobiodiversity (the promotion of conservation and sustainable use of resources) and food security; the active participation of Indigenous Peoples in the project; and the project contribution to helping close gender gaps. To ensure projects’ sustainability, coordination between the various government agencies with competence in the issue of agrobiodiversity must be encouraged and maintained.
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    Project
    Strengthening Biodiversity Conservation and Reducing Forest and Land Degradation in Fiji, Samoa, Vanuatu and Niue - GCP/RAS/262/GFF 2021
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    The four Pacific Island Countries of Fiji, Samoa, Vanuatu and Niue account for about 70 percent of the land area of the Polynesia Micronesia biodiversity hotspot, where species endemism is particularly high and one third to one half of species are currently threatened with extinction. Conservation whether in formally protected areas (PAs) or the wider production landscape is extremely weak. The project was developed to reverse the situation and improve biodiversity conservation in the four countries. Its development objective was to enhance the sustainable livelihoods of local communities living in and around PAs, while its global environmental objective was to strengthen biodiversity conservation and reduce forest and land degradation. The project was designed with six technical components to overcome identified weaknesses and barriers. Principally, the focus of the project was to conserve, protect and manage Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) identified by the respective governments concerned.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Nature-based solutions in agriculture: Sustainable management and conservation of land, water and biodiversity 2021
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    In recent years, considerable progress has been made in the area of Nature-based Solutions (NbS) that improve ecosystem functions of environments and landscapes affected by agricultural practices and land degradation, while enhancing livelihoods and other social and cultural functions. This has opened up a portfolio of NbS options that offer a pragmatic way forward for simultaneously addressing conservation, climate and socioeconomic objectives while maintaining healthy and productive agricultural systems. NbS can mimic natural processes and build on land restoration and operational water-land management concepts that aim to simultaneously improve vegetation and water availability and quality, and raise agricultural productivity. NbS can involve conserving or rehabilitating natural ecosystems and/or the enhancement or the creation of natural processes in modified or artificial ecosystems. In agricultural landscapes, NbS can be applied for soil health, soil moisture, carbon mitigation (through soil and forestry), downstream water quality protections, biodiversity benefits as well as agricultural production and supply chains to achieve net-zero environmental impacts while achieving food and water security, and meet climate goals.

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