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Guidelines for the Control and Prevention of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Wildlife Populations

Peste des petits ruminants Global Eradication Programme










OIE and FAO. 2021. Guidelines for the Control and Prevention of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Wildlife Populations – Peste des Petits Ruminants Global Eradication Programme. Rome. https://doi.org/10.20506/PPR.2943




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  • Thumbnail Image
    Article
    Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus Infection at the Wildlife–Livestock Interface in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem, 2015–2019 2021
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a viral disease of goats and sheep that occurs in Africa, the Middle East and Asia with a severe impact on livelihoods and livestock trade. Many wild artiodactyls are susceptible to PPR virus (PPRV) infection, and some outbreaks have threatened endangered wild populations. The role of wild species in PPRV epidemiology is unclear, which is a knowledge gap for the Global Strategy for the Control and Eradication of PPR. These studies aimed to investigate PPRV infection in wild artiodactyls in the Greater Serengeti and Amboseli ecosystems of Kenya and Tanzania. Out of 132 animals purposively sampled in 2015–2016, 19.7% were PPRV seropositive by ID Screen PPR competition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA; IDvet, France) from the following species: African buffalo, wildebeest, topi, kongoni, Grant’s gazelle, impala, Thomson’s gazelle, warthog and gerenuk, while waterbuck and lesser kudu were seronegative. In 2018–2019, a cross-sectional survey of randomly selected African buffalo and Grant’s gazelle herds was conducted. The weighted estimate of PPRV seroprevalence was 12.0% out of 191 African buffalo and 1.1% out of 139 Grant’s gazelles. All ocular and nasal swabs and faeces were negative by PPRV real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Investigations of a PPR-like disease in sheep and goats confirmed PPRV circulation in the area by rapid detection test and/or RT-qPCR. These results demonstrated serological evidence of PPRV infection in wild artiodactyl species at the wildlife–livestock interface in this ecosystem where PPRV is endemic in domestic small ruminants. Exposure to PPRV could be via spillover from infected small ruminants or from transmission between wild animals, while the relatively low seroprevalence suggests that sustained transmission is unlikely. Further studies of other major wild artiodactyls in this ecosystem are required, such as impala, Thomson’s gazelle and wildebeest.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (stand-alone)
    Lignes directrices pour le contrôle et la prévention de la peste des petits ruminants (PPR) dans les populations de faune sauvage
    Programme mondial d’éradication de la peste des petits ruminants
    2021
    Le Secrétariat de la PPR, le Groupe de travail de l'OIE sur la faune sauvage et le Réseau mondial de recherche et d'expertise sur la PPR (GREN) ont élaboré conjointement ces lignes directrices pour la prévention, la riposte aux épidémies et le contrôle de la PPR chez la faune sauvage, qui peuvent être utilisées par les pays pour élaborer leurs plans stratégiques nationaux de lutte contre la PPR. Ces directives sont destinées à aider les pays à élaborer et à mettre en œuvre des programmes d'éradication de la PPR, y compris des objectifs, des politiques et des stratégies qui peuvent être adaptés à l'ensemble des besoins nationaux, facilitant ainsi l'intégration du secteur de la faune sauvage dans le plan stratégique national. L'intégration améliorera la conservation des populations fauniques et facilitera la gestion des maladies à l'interface faune sauvage-bétail. La mise en place d'un mécanisme de coordination multisectorielle est essentielle pour assurer une bonne gouvernance et une collaboration efficace dans la réalisation des objectifs d'éradication de la PPR. Le but de ce document est de fournir un cadre conceptuel qui peut être adapté à un contexte national et épidémiologique particulier. En outre, ces lignes directrices, bien que spécifiques à l'éradication de la PPR, peuvent être adaptées à toute maladie à l'interface entre la faune sauvage, l’Homme et le bétail.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Peste des petits ruminants outbreak investigation in wildlife
    Report of the virtual training workshop 16–17 March 2021
    2021
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an important disease of wildlife and a threat to biodiversity, in addition to having major impacts on small ruminant production. Aiming to enhance capacity to detect and respond to suspected PPR events in wildlife and to enhance coordination between wildlife and livestock sectors, a training workshop on PPR outbreak investigation in wildlife was conducted virtually (16th-17th March 2021). The workshop was organised in partnership with the FAO and OIE Regional Offices for Asia and the Pacific, the FAO/OIE PPR Secretariat and the wildlife working group of the PPR Global Research and Expertise Network (GREN). Presentation topics included the current status of PPR in wildlife, guidance for the prevention and control of PPR in wildlife, disease outbreak investigation, the One Health approach and inter-sectoral coordination, laboratory diagnostics, risk analysis and the use of in-field disease surveillance tools. Among key recommendations, countries were recommended to establish formal mechanisms and cross-sectoral communication plans for coordinated response for disease outbreaks in wildlife. Countries were also recommended to conduct surveillance for PPR in wildlife, to conduct thorough outbreak investigations, and to report confirmed cases of PPR in wildlife to OIE. The post-workshop survey was used to identify future training needs to enhance capacity for managing PPR in wildlife. Recommendations to FAO/OIE included continued support countries to build capacity to prevent and respond to suspected PPR events in wildlife and to include wildlife in National Strategic Plans and in the next phase of the PPR GEP (GEPII).
  • Thumbnail Image
    Article
    Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus Infection at the Wildlife–Livestock Interface in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem, 2015–2019 2021
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a viral disease of goats and sheep that occurs in Africa, the Middle East and Asia with a severe impact on livelihoods and livestock trade. Many wild artiodactyls are susceptible to PPR virus (PPRV) infection, and some outbreaks have threatened endangered wild populations. The role of wild species in PPRV epidemiology is unclear, which is a knowledge gap for the Global Strategy for the Control and Eradication of PPR. These studies aimed to investigate PPRV infection in wild artiodactyls in the Greater Serengeti and Amboseli ecosystems of Kenya and Tanzania. Out of 132 animals purposively sampled in 2015–2016, 19.7% were PPRV seropositive by ID Screen PPR competition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA; IDvet, France) from the following species: African buffalo, wildebeest, topi, kongoni, Grant’s gazelle, impala, Thomson’s gazelle, warthog and gerenuk, while waterbuck and lesser kudu were seronegative. In 2018–2019, a cross-sectional survey of randomly selected African buffalo and Grant’s gazelle herds was conducted. The weighted estimate of PPRV seroprevalence was 12.0% out of 191 African buffalo and 1.1% out of 139 Grant’s gazelles. All ocular and nasal swabs and faeces were negative by PPRV real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Investigations of a PPR-like disease in sheep and goats confirmed PPRV circulation in the area by rapid detection test and/or RT-qPCR. These results demonstrated serological evidence of PPRV infection in wild artiodactyl species at the wildlife–livestock interface in this ecosystem where PPRV is endemic in domestic small ruminants. Exposure to PPRV could be via spillover from infected small ruminants or from transmission between wild animals, while the relatively low seroprevalence suggests that sustained transmission is unlikely. Further studies of other major wild artiodactyls in this ecosystem are required, such as impala, Thomson’s gazelle and wildebeest.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (stand-alone)
    Lignes directrices pour le contrôle et la prévention de la peste des petits ruminants (PPR) dans les populations de faune sauvage
    Programme mondial d’éradication de la peste des petits ruminants
    2021
    Le Secrétariat de la PPR, le Groupe de travail de l'OIE sur la faune sauvage et le Réseau mondial de recherche et d'expertise sur la PPR (GREN) ont élaboré conjointement ces lignes directrices pour la prévention, la riposte aux épidémies et le contrôle de la PPR chez la faune sauvage, qui peuvent être utilisées par les pays pour élaborer leurs plans stratégiques nationaux de lutte contre la PPR. Ces directives sont destinées à aider les pays à élaborer et à mettre en œuvre des programmes d'éradication de la PPR, y compris des objectifs, des politiques et des stratégies qui peuvent être adaptés à l'ensemble des besoins nationaux, facilitant ainsi l'intégration du secteur de la faune sauvage dans le plan stratégique national. L'intégration améliorera la conservation des populations fauniques et facilitera la gestion des maladies à l'interface faune sauvage-bétail. La mise en place d'un mécanisme de coordination multisectorielle est essentielle pour assurer une bonne gouvernance et une collaboration efficace dans la réalisation des objectifs d'éradication de la PPR. Le but de ce document est de fournir un cadre conceptuel qui peut être adapté à un contexte national et épidémiologique particulier. En outre, ces lignes directrices, bien que spécifiques à l'éradication de la PPR, peuvent être adaptées à toute maladie à l'interface entre la faune sauvage, l’Homme et le bétail.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Peste des petits ruminants outbreak investigation in wildlife
    Report of the virtual training workshop 16–17 March 2021
    2021
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an important disease of wildlife and a threat to biodiversity, in addition to having major impacts on small ruminant production. Aiming to enhance capacity to detect and respond to suspected PPR events in wildlife and to enhance coordination between wildlife and livestock sectors, a training workshop on PPR outbreak investigation in wildlife was conducted virtually (16th-17th March 2021). The workshop was organised in partnership with the FAO and OIE Regional Offices for Asia and the Pacific, the FAO/OIE PPR Secretariat and the wildlife working group of the PPR Global Research and Expertise Network (GREN). Presentation topics included the current status of PPR in wildlife, guidance for the prevention and control of PPR in wildlife, disease outbreak investigation, the One Health approach and inter-sectoral coordination, laboratory diagnostics, risk analysis and the use of in-field disease surveillance tools. Among key recommendations, countries were recommended to establish formal mechanisms and cross-sectoral communication plans for coordinated response for disease outbreaks in wildlife. Countries were also recommended to conduct surveillance for PPR in wildlife, to conduct thorough outbreak investigations, and to report confirmed cases of PPR in wildlife to OIE. The post-workshop survey was used to identify future training needs to enhance capacity for managing PPR in wildlife. Recommendations to FAO/OIE included continued support countries to build capacity to prevent and respond to suspected PPR events in wildlife and to include wildlife in National Strategic Plans and in the next phase of the PPR GEP (GEPII).

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