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Highlights on four livestock sub-sectors in Kazakhstan: Executive Summary









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    Highlights on four livestock sub-sectors in Kazakhstan: The Wool sector 2010
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    The wool sector in Kazakhstan reached its highest point at the end of the 1980s. Sheep population amounted to 35 million head, while wool production exceeded 100 000 tonnes corresponding to 4 percent of the world total. Half of the flock consisted of registered pure-bred sheep, specialized in the production of fine wool (accounting for 60 percent of total wool production). Most of these sheep were concentrated in large-scale enterprises. A transhumant raising system was practised, with animals m oving annually to remote mountainous and desert pastures where infrastructure (watering, staff houses, sheds, artificial insemination facilities, etc.) existed. A centralized system of wool procurement (zagotkontory) worked with the large-scale kolhozes and sovhozes and with household farms (HHFs). Most of the wool was processed locally in large and fully integrated plants ranging in size from 500 to a few thousand employees. At that time, Kazakhstan wool and woollen goods were delivered through out the Soviet Union. The Red Army (for blankets and overcoats) and other Statecontrolled organizations (militia, the railway, etc.) were important customers.
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    Highlights on four livestock sub-sectors in Kazakhstan: The Meat sub-sector 2010
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    Kazakhstan has both pastures and a grain surplus, but it is landlocked. This is of lesser importance for regional exports (the Russia Federation and, possibly, China and Egypt). Current levels of production and consumption in Kazakhstan are shown. Important surplus and deficit countries for meat are listed in Table 2. Those in the vicinity of Kazakhstan are the Russian Federation, China, Ukraine, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. However, the main consumption centres of China are a great dista nce from Kazakhstan.
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    Highlights on four livestock sub-sectors in Kazakhstan: Sub-sectoral cross- cutting features and issues 2010
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    These “Highlights on four Livestock sub-sectors in Kazakhstan” have been prepared by the FAO Investment Centre Division in collaboration with the Analytical Centre of Economic Policy for the Agricultural Sector (ACEPAS); a company belonging to Kaz-agroinnovation of the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) of Kazakhstan. The work has been financed entirely by FAO. The purpose of these reports is to help potential investors acquire basic knowledge about the technical features of the meat, dairy and wool sub-sectors in Kazakhstan as well of their domestic and international market positions.

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