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Highlights on four livestock sub-sectors in Kazakhstan: Sub-sectoral cross- cutting features and issues









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    Highlights on four livestock sub-sectors in Kazakhstan: The Meat sub-sector 2010
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    Kazakhstan has both pastures and a grain surplus, but it is landlocked. This is of lesser importance for regional exports (the Russia Federation and, possibly, China and Egypt). Current levels of production and consumption in Kazakhstan are shown. Important surplus and deficit countries for meat are listed in Table 2. Those in the vicinity of Kazakhstan are the Russian Federation, China, Ukraine, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. However, the main consumption centres of China are a great dista nce from Kazakhstan.
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    Highlights on four livestock sub-sectors in Kazakhstan: The Wool sector 2010
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    The wool sector in Kazakhstan reached its highest point at the end of the 1980s. Sheep population amounted to 35 million head, while wool production exceeded 100 000 tonnes corresponding to 4 percent of the world total. Half of the flock consisted of registered pure-bred sheep, specialized in the production of fine wool (accounting for 60 percent of total wool production). Most of these sheep were concentrated in large-scale enterprises. A transhumant raising system was practised, with animals m oving annually to remote mountainous and desert pastures where infrastructure (watering, staff houses, sheds, artificial insemination facilities, etc.) existed. A centralized system of wool procurement (zagotkontory) worked with the large-scale kolhozes and sovhozes and with household farms (HHFs). Most of the wool was processed locally in large and fully integrated plants ranging in size from 500 to a few thousand employees. At that time, Kazakhstan wool and woollen goods were delivered through out the Soviet Union. The Red Army (for blankets and overcoats) and other Statecontrolled organizations (militia, the railway, etc.) were important customers.
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    Highlights on four livestock sub-sectors in Kazakhstan: The Poultry meat sub-sector 2010
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    The Kazakh market for poultry meat is currently valued at about USD 490 million. Per capita poultry meat consumption has displayed a generally positive trend in recent years (until 2007), in line with trends in the United States of America, the Russian Federation and many Central Asian and developing countries. This trend has been driven primarily by population growth, increase in disposable incomes, and relatively low chicken meat prices compared with other major meat types (beef, mutton and po rk).

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