Chapter 3 Additional World Health Assembly Nutrition Indicators

Key messages
  • The prevalence of adult obesity in the ECA region increased from 18.2 percent in 2000 to 25.3 percent in 2016. This is well above the global prevalence, which rose from 8.7 percent to 13.1 percent in the same period. All subregions had values above 20 percent, with the exception of Central Asia, where the prevalence was 17.7 percent. In 2016, Türkiye had the highest prevalence of adult obesity (32.1 percent) in the region.
  • Between 2012 and 2021, the global prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding among infants 0-5 months of age increased from 37 percent to 47.7 percent. Data are not available at the regional level. However, progress can be seen in Central Asia, with an increase from 29.2 percent to 44.9 percent, and the Western Balkans, with an increase from 20.7 percent to 27.0 percent.
  • The prevalence of low birthweight in the ECA region is well below the global level. The prevalence has continuously declined at a slow pace since 2000. The highest prevalence of low birthweight was in the Caucasus (9.8 percent) and the “other” group of countries that includes Israel and Türkiye (12.4 percent). None of the countries had a prevalence above the global estimate.