Chapter 2 Sustainable Development Goal 2.2: Malnutrition

Key messages
  • The prevalence of stunting among children under 5 years of age in the ECA region dropped to 4.9 percent in 2022. The prevalence is much lower than the global estimate of 22.3 percent. The indicator has been declining in the ECA region and in most of its subregions since 2000. The countries in the region with the highest prevalence of stunting in 2022 were Azerbaijan (13.3 percent), Tajikistan (13.1 percent) and Ukraine (12.3 percent).
  • The prevalence of wasting among children under 5 years of age was below 2 percent in 2022 in the ECA region, well below the global estimate of 6.8 percent. Among the ECA subregions, the prevalence of wasting was highest in the Caucasus (2.2 percent), Central Asia (2.1 percent), and the Western Balkans (1.8 percent), but these were still below the 2030 target of 3 percent.
  • The regional prevalence of overweight among children under 5 years of age has declined since 2012, standing in 2022 at 7.1 percent. This is higher than the global estimate of 5.6 percent. The highest prevalence in the ECA region was observed in the Western Balkans (10.3 percent), followed by the Caucasus (9.1 percent).
  • The prevalence of anaemia among women aged 15 to 49 years in the ECA region was 18.8 percent in 2019, an increase of 1.4 percentage points from 2012. The prevalence in the Caucasus (30.4 percent) was close to the global estimate of 29.9 percent. Kyrgyzstan (35.8 percent), Tajikistan (35.2 percent) and Azerbaijan (35.1 percent) had the highest prevalence in the ECA region.