Chapter 1 Sustainable Development Goal 2.1: Undernourishment and Food Insecurity

Key messages
  • The worldwide prevalence of undernourishment (PoU), which remained relatively unchanged from 2021 to 2022, affected about 9.2 percent of the world population in 2022. The PoU in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region has been below 2.5 percent since 2000.
  • The PoU has remained below 2.5 percent for more than a decade in all ECA subregions other than Central Asia, where it was 3 percent in 2022 (although this is lower than in 2021). The European Union and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (EU-27 and the United Kingdom) and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) countries had a PoU below 2.5 percent from 2000 to 2022.
  • In the ECA region, 111.1 million people, or 11.9 percent of the population, were estimated to be moderately or severely food insecure in 2022. This is down from 12.4 percent (the equivalent of 4.7 million fewer people) in 2021, while the global trend remained unchanged for the second year in a row. About 2.8 percent (26.2 million people) of the ECA’s population were facing severe food insecurity in 2022, an increase of 0.1 percentage points in one year.
  • In 2022, four subregions had a higher prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity than the regional average: the group of countries including Israel and Türkiye, at 35.8 percent; Central Asia, at 17.4 percent; the Western Balkans, at 16.9 percent; and the Caucasus, at 14.7 percent.
  • Sex-disaggregated estimates across the ECA region show that moderate or severe food insecurity was experienced slightly more by women (12.5 percent) than by men (10.7 percent) in 2022. This trend is consistent at the global level and across all subregions.