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Forest governance by indigenous and tribal peoples. An opportunity for climate action in Latin America and the Caribbean

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Last updated 12/01/2022

FAO and FILAC. 2021. Forest Governance by Indigenous and Tribal People. An Opportunity for Climate Action in Latin America and the CaribbeanSantiago. 

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    Forest governance by indigenous and tribal peoples: An opportunity for climate action in Latin America and the Caribbean 2021
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    The document summarizes the report that, based on a review of more than 250 studies, demonstrates the importance and urgency of climate action to protect the forests of the indigenous and tribal territories of Latin America as well as the indigenous and tribal peoples who protect them. These territories contain about a third of the continent's forests. That's 14% of the carbon stored in tropical forests around the world; These territories are also home to an enormous diversity of wild fauna and flora and play a key role in stabilizing the local and regional climate. Based on an analysis of the approaches that have proven effective in recent decades, a set of investments and policies is proposed for adoption by climate funders and government decision-makers in collaboration with indigenous and tribal peoples. These measures are grouped into five main categories: i) strengthening of collective territorial rights; ii) compensate indigenous and tribal communities for the environmental services they provide; iii) facilitate community forest management; iv) revitalize traditional cultures and knowledge; and v) strengthen territorial governance and indigenous and tribal organizations. Preliminary analysis suggests that these investments could significantly reduce expected carbon emissions at a low cost, in addition to offering many other environmental and social benefits.
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    FAO Policy on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples 2015
    Consistent with its mandate to pursue a world free from hunger and malnutrition, the following “FAO Policy on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples” has been formulated so as to ensure that FAO will make all due efforts to respect, include and promote indigenous issues in relevant work. In so doing, it joins the international community’s increasing mobilization in favour of the rights and concerns of indigenous peoples, most of whom suffer disproportionately from multiple adversities such as discriminat ion, poverty, ill health, political under-representation, and environmental and cultural degradation. Although much attention is focused on the challenges that indigenous peoples face, it is equally important to remember the specialized knowledge and ingenuity which often characterize indigenous livelihood practices. As an organization which specializes in rural poverty reduction and food security, it is imperative for FAO to consider indigenous peoples as fundamental stakeholders and partners i n development.
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    Enhancing economic agro-forestry for livelihood opportunity via ecosystem restoration: A case study
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
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    Meghalaya, a North Eastern state of India with its economy tied to natural resource-base and climate- sensitive sectors as agriculture, water, forestry. Encroachment of forest land for agricultural activity, overexploitation of biodiversity, unsustainable agricultural practices (slash & burn) and non-scientific mining resulted in habitat degradation and pollution. India Water Foundation, as development partner with Meghalaya Basin Development Authority (MBDA) under Integrated Basin Development Livelihood Program designed on Knowledge Management, Natural resource Management, Entrepreneurship Development and Good Governance through demand driven partnership madeefforts towards Ecosystem restoration, linking forest, agriculture and water as most of economic value depends on nature and its services. Forest plays an indispensable role to conserve ecological balance and biodiversity restoration and indigenous people worship sacred groves, preserve flora and fauna biodiversity and bamboo reserves dedicated to deities in Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills served as water catchments to fulfil domestic, agricultural, customary needs. Green Mission promoted protection of catchments forests, improved forest & water foot print, diversified farmer's livelihood, income and food security. Opportunities from social to economic forestry prospered state's economy. Adapting to temperature and weather conditions, entrepreneurs cultivated tea, fruits, flowers, spices and medicinal plants & had market linkages, connectivity, cold storages and financial inclusion. Climate resilient practices like re-wilding, adaptive management augmented sustainable green cover and restored water-land-biomass balance, promoted carbon sequestration and water-energy-food security nexus. Keywords: Biodiversity conservation, Sustainable forest management, Deforestation and forest degradation, Gender, Economic Development ID: 3486365

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