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Independent evaluation of FAO’s decentralization










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    FAO’s Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP) was launched in 1976 with resources from the Organization’s regular core budget in order to respond to urgent, small-scale technical assistance requests from member countries. Between 1976 and the end of 2004, 8 674 TCP projects were approved for a total amount of US$983 million. The criteria governing TCP remained largely unchanged except for the financial ceiling and maximum duration of projects, which were raised in 1991 from US$250 000 to US$400 00 0 and from 12 to 24 months, respectively. However, several major changes in the programme and the context in
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    Independent evaluation of the workings of the International Plant Protection Convention and its institutional arrangements 2007
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    The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is an international treaty relating to plant health, to which as of September 2007 165 governments adhere. The Secretariat for the IPPC is provided by FAO and the Convention is governed by the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM). The WTO agreement on sanitary and phyto-sanitary matters (SPS) recognises the IPPC as the international standard-setting organization for the elaboration of international standards to help ensure that phytosani tary measures are not used as unjustified barriers to trade. Consequently, steps were undertaken to adapt the Convention to the new realities. This resulted in the development of a revised text which extended the Convention’s scope and mandate to include standard-setting, the promotion of the provision of technical assistance, and to address environmental concerns. The new revised text of the IPPC was adopted in 1997 and came into force in October 2005.
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    Celebrating 40 Years of Country Representations in Asia and the Pacific 2018
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    The formal establishment of FAO offices in countries of Asia and the Pacific began in 1977 – a legacy of Edouard Saouma, who served as FAO Director-General from 1976 to 1993. Saouma’s vision was a Food and Agriculture Organization that was working on the ground, side by side with the Organization’s constituents to better help them fight hunger and poverty and to do so concretely and demonstrably. He achieved this goal by agreeing with governments to post FAO Representatives in their countries and open official FAO Representation Offices there. Prior to this, and since its inception, FAO had been represented by Senior Agricultural Advisers – intermediates – based within UNDP country offices. The test case for the new model was Lebanon. In 1977 the first FAO Representation office was opened there. Within the year, the Asia-Pacific region established five country offices in quick succession. Bangladesh and Nepal were established in February, India in March, followed by Myanmar (then known as Burma) in October and the Philippines in November. By the end of the decade, a further five country offices were created in Viet Nam, Pakistan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Indonesia in 1978, in that order, and they were joined by Sri Lanka in 1979. Forty years after the first country Representation offices opened, FAO’s commitment and determination to work in partnership to help its member nations achieve zero hunger and food security, in an environmentally tenable and sustainable way, while improving rural livelihoods, is as strong as ever. This brochure formally acknowledges and celebrates these partnerships and their achievements so far.

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