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Water accounting & auditing guidelines

A sourcebook














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    Book (series)
    Water accounting and auditing for better water governance
    FAO Agricultural Development Economics Policy Brief 31
    2020
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    In the face of intensifying water constraints, growing demand for water and worsening inequalities in access to it, water accounting and auditing are crucial enabling factors for improved water governance. Water underpins many of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), not least those relating to Zero Hunger and Clean Water and Sanitation. Urgent action is needed to change how water is used by sectors and individuals and so that it is managed sustainably, efficiently and equitably. Water accounting and auditing should precede any water management and governance strategy. A cornerstone of achieving actors’ consensus on essential information on water resources, water accounting is the systematic study of the hydrological cycle and the status and trends in water supply, demand, accessibility and use. Water auditing places this information within the broader context of governance, institutions, public and private expenditure, legislation and the wider political economy. Together, water accounting and water auditing support better governance and can be carried out with active stakeholder engagement at a reasonable cost.
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    Booklet
    Improved Water Resources Monitoring System / Integrated Water Resources Management at regional level in Lebanon
    Real-time monitoring at key locations
    2021
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    In many regions of the world, including the NENA region and Lebanon, sustainable and reliable delivery of water for irrigation and municipal use has become increasingly complex and problematic. This issue also extends to affect the protection of the ecosystems from water pollution. Particularly, if the overall demand is outstripping supply, the delivery of water is often less about engineering, although it is still required. The issue is more often related to the governance of the resources, to manage and protect sources from pollution and over-abstraction, resolve conflicts about water, and ensure rights to water are respected. It is also about understanding water flow pathways in complex river basin systems. This is where water monitoring and accounting can play a crucial role to help water management institutions, such as the regional Water Establishments, in managing complexity in light of the challenges facing the water sector. In this context, FAO, in collaboration with the North Lebanon Water Establishment (NLWE), which represents the Ministry of Water and Energy, is implementing the GCP/LEB/029/SWI project “Improved Water Resources Monitoring System/Integrated Water Resources Management at regional level in Lebanon”, funded by the Swiss Government. The main objective of the project is to strengthen Lebanon’s water institutions improving their performance at regional level, thereby helping them to address the sector challenges for sustainable use of water resources.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Improved Water Resources Monitoring System / Integrated Water Resources Management at regional level in Lebanon 2020
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    In many regions of the world, including the NENA region and Lebanon, sustainable and reliable delivery of water for irrigation and municipal use has become increasingly complex and problematic. This issue also extends to affect the protection of the ecosystems from water pollution. Particularly, if the overall demand is outstripping supply, the delivery of water is often less about engineering, although it is still required. The issue is more often related to the governance of the resources, to manage and protect sources from pollution and over-abstraction, resolve conflicts about water, and ensure rights to water are respected. It is also about understanding water flow pathways in complex river basin systems. This is where water monitoring and accounting can play a crucial role to help water management institutions, such as the regional Water Establishments, in managing complexity in light of the challenges facing the water sector.

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