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Social Protection in the Sahel and West Africa: Strengthening Resilience for Food Security and Nutrition










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Strengthening resilience to food and nutrition insecurity in the Sahel and West Africa
    Good Practices Booklet
    2016
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    In the Sahel, around 65 percent of the active population works in the agriculture sector and their livelihoods are therefore affected by climate change, markets and environmental factors. More than half of these are women. Recurring crises pose real concerns for the achievement of sustainable food and nutrition security in the region. The root causes of vulnerability to food insecurity and malnutrition are complex and multidimensional. They are linked to a range of closely related factors, such as poverty, health, hygiene, access to basic social services, dietary behaviour, socio-cultural norms, weak production levels, access to markets and the inadequacy of some public policies, as well as to climate variations and other frequent shocks, which result in large numbers of people being plunged into an almost permanent state of fragility. To address these recurrent crises, analytical tools to assess the situation and identify vulnerable populations have been set in place in the region and refined in recent years (including first and foremost the Cadre Harmonisé). In addition, innovative practices have been developed, to support risk reduction, climate change adaptation, the fight against malnutrition and social protection (particularly through approaches based on social safety nets and cash transfers). Among other achievements, the Knowledge Share Fair organized by CILSS, IGAD, FAO and their partners in 2013, in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, offered an opportunity for national and international actors to exchange experiences of these food related practices. This booklet presents eleven good practices that were developed during the Knowledge Share Fair, with the aim of promoting their dissemination and replication at regional and international level.
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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    Food Security and Humanitarian Implications in West Africa and the Sahel. N°54 - March 2014 2014
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    The meeting of the Regional Consultation on Food and Nutritional Situation in the Sahel and West Africa (PREGEC) confirms the decrease in cereal production in the Sahel during the 2013/2014 agricultural campaign compared to last year. Significant production decreases have been recorded in several areas, notably in Chad, Mali, Niger and Senegal. Poor and very poor households living in these areas, which are also affected by the decrease in pasture production, are already facing food insecurity. T he markets will function normally until the lean season, when seasonal increases in cereal prices will be observed, especially for millet, the production of which decreased significantly (20 percent). According to the Harmonized Framework analysis, 26 zones out of 345 are identified as currently food insecure, with the situation reaching a crisis phase in Chad, Mali, Niger, Senegal and The Gambia. During the lean season (June to August 2014), an increase in the number of zones in crisis phase is expected, reaching 58 zones in total and extending to areas in Burkina Faso, Guinea and Mauritania. It is crucial to address the needs of these populations under pressure and to protect their livelihoods.
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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    Food Security and Humanitarian Implications in West Africa and the Sahel. N°51 - November/December 2013 2013
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    The cereal harvests, which are estimated to be above the five-year average in the Sahel region (+1%) and in the West Africa region (+16%) have spurred a seasonal price decrease in most markets. However, prices remain higher than their five-year averages in the eastern and western trade basins of the region, which affects the purchasing power of many vulnerable households, particularly in Chad, Niger and Ghana. The chronic vulnerability of populations, erosion of livelihoods after recurrent crise s (2008, 2010, and 2012), bad agro-pastoral productions in some areas, floods and other localized shocks ex-plain the food insecurity of 13 million people at the end of 2013, despite average harvests. Moreover, 4.5 million children suffer from acute malnutrition in West Africa and the Sahel region. The regional partners highlight the urgent need of rebuilding national food stocks and the implementation of appropriate responses which fit population needs, particularly those of refugees and food i nsecure households. The decrease in agricultural production in some areas in the Sahel may lead to food and nutrition insecurity, which must be closely monitored.

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