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Strengthening capacities to address harmful pesticides: how the Rotterdam Convention is working in Latin America










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    A regional approach to the implementation of the Rotterdam Convention (2007-2008) 2008
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    FAO is committed to environmentally friendly agricultural production. In cooperation with its partners, the Organization has been working on developing tools and programmes to help countries manage pesticides more effectively and to move towards sustainable agriculture. The Rotterdam Convention is one of many concrete examples of FAO's commitment to helping its partners, particularly developing countries, achieve sustainable agricultural production and address the challenging problems associated with pesticide use. The first key objective of the Rotterdam Convention is to promote shared responsibility among its members in the international trade of hazardous chemicals, both pesticides and industrial chemicals. The second key objective is to contribute to the environmentally sound use of hazardous chemicals by facilitating information exchange among the parties concerned and by providing for a national decision-making process on their import and export. For the last few years, many co untries in Asia and the Pacific have made significant efforts to improve their national infrastructure for the management of pesticides and chemicals. The Convention has played a crucial role in assisting governments in coping with this task. This publication presents the experiences of various countries in this region in relation to the implementation of the Rotterdam Convention. The reports reflect the progress which has been made and the steps which remain to be undertaken to achieve the two key objectives of the Convention.
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    Pesticides and environmental incidents
    Rotterdam Convention on the prior informed consent procedure for certain hazardous chemicals and pesticides in international trade
    2022
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    Incidents involving pesticide use with negative repercussions on human health and the environment regularly occur. While poisoning incidents involving humans are more frequently reported, data related to environmental incidents are comparatively scarce. This report provides a brief overview of the situation and it highlights, based on wideranging examples, some of the main challenges related to the detection, monitoring, and reporting of environmental incidents and the determination of their causes. The report also identifies actions that can be taken to address these challenges and types of technical support that can be provided by the Rotterdam Convention and others. Parties to the Rotterdam Convention are encouraged to use this document as an entry point to exchange information with other parties and to engage with the Convention Secretariat for discussion of their specific needs for prevention of environmental incidents with pesticides.
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    Technical report on the regional workshop on the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), fisheries, and legal acquisition findings with Latin American and Caribbean countries
    8 to 11 May 2023
    2024
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    This document contains the report of the regional training workshop on the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), fisheries, and legal acquisition findings (LAFs) for 13 Latin American and Caribbean countries, jointly organized by the Development Law Service of the FAO Legal Office and the CITES Secretariat, in collaboration with the FAO Offices for Ecuador and Latin America and the Caribbean. The workshop was held in Spanish and in-person only from 8 to 11 May 2023. The workshop aimed to raise awareness and strengthen the understanding of CITES requirements and their implementation in the fisheries sector; introduce and train participants on the use of the FAO-CITES Legal Study and Guide; train participants on the use of the Rapid Guide for the Making of LAFs, available at Annex 3 of Resolution 18.7 (Rev. CoP19); and identify countries’ needs and interests for a better implementation of CITES in the fisheries sector.A total of 50 participants joined the workshop from 13 countries in the Latin American and Caribbean region (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Peru and Venezuela [Bolivarian Republic of]), regional organizations (the Central American and Dominican Republic Wildlife Enforcement Network and Permanent Commission for the South Pacific), non-governmental organizations (Defenders of Wildlife and World Fund for Nature), the private sector (fishing enterprises), as well as the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, in addition to the CITES Secretariat and FAO.The four-day programme included presentations on CITES key principles and requirements and their applicability in the fisheries sector; clarifications on commercially exploited aquatic species listed in CITES Appendix II, opportunities for collaboration between CITES and fisheries authorities, correlations between CITES and fisheries management; introduction on how to use the FAO-CITES Legal Study and Guide; the relevance to CITES of the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, Catch Documentation Scheme, and associated technical guidelines. Additionally, the workshop promoted the use of the Rapid Guide for the Making of LAFs.This is the third of a series of legal training workshops on CITES and fisheries organized by the CITES Secretariat and FAO. The first and second workshops were held at the subregional level, respectively, for Pacific Island countries (November 2021) and English-speaking Caribbean countries (May–June 2022).

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