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山区人口粮食不安全易受害性评估

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    Infographic - Mapping the vulnerability of mountain peoples to food insecurity 2015
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    Mapping the vulnerability of mountain peoples to food insecurity found that the number of food insecure people living in mountain regions in developing countries grew to nearly 329 million in 2012, up from 253 million in 2000, even though the overall population of the world's mountain peoples increased only by 16 percent during that same time. That means that one in three mountain people, both urban and rural, in developing countries faced hunger and malnutrition, compared to one out of nine pe ople globally. And focusing on only rural mountain populations, which depend on natural resources such as land, water and forests for their livelihoods, the numbers get even starker: almost half of them are food insecure.
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    Is aid to agricultural innovation a priority for the international community? 2015
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    While the Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI) initiative provides data and analysis of domestic public and private spending on agricultural research and development for a wide range of developing countries, the literature pays little attention, if any, to foreign assistance to agricultural, fishing and forestry research and agricultural extension. The objective of the present study is to fill this gap. OECD data is used to analyse, across countries and regions, the amount and variability of foreign assistance directed to agricultural research and extension, as well as to fishing and forestry research, during the period 2002–2012. The first section of the paper presents the OECD database, the working definitions and the methodology. The second section describes the trends of overall foreign assistance commitments during the period 2002–2012 and of foreign assistance allocation across income classes and regions. This is followed by an analysis of aid volatility. The pa per ends with a brief discussion of the results and puts forward some policy considerations.
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    Realizing "Tanzania Vision 2025" through Livestock
    Evidence from the 2012/13 National Panel Survey
    2015
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    How many households keep livestock in rural and urban areas? What are their major production and husbandry practices, and their constraints to increase livestock productivity? This infographics presents an analysis of one of the largest datasets on livestock at household level available throughout sub-Saharan Africa: the Tanzania 2012/13 National Panel Survey. The majority of rural households depend on livestock for their livelihoods; a binding constraint to increase livestock productivity is th eir limited utilization of extension services. While technical-fixes are important, it is as much as if not more important that policies and investments also address the so-called “last-mile challenge”, with the objective to ensure that livestock farmers are informed and have incentives to adopt improved livestock technologies and more efficient production and husbandry practices.

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