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    Multicriteria-Based Ranking for Risk Management of Food-Borne Parasites. Microbiological Risk Assessment Series (MRA) 23 2014
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    Infectious diseases caused by food-borne parasites have not received the same level of attention as other food-borne biological and chemical hazards. Nevertheless, they cause a high burden of disease in humans, may have prolonged, severe, and sometimes fatal outcomes, and result in considerable hardship in terms of food safety, security, quality of life, and negative impacts on livelihoods. The transmission routes for food-borne parasites are diverse. They can be transmitted by ingesting fresh o r processed foods that have been contaminated via the environment, by animals or people. Additionally, notification to public health authorities is not compulsory for most parasitic diseases, so official reports do not capture the true prevalence or incidence of the diseases, as much underreporting occurs. This report presents the results of a global ranking of food-borne parasites from a food safety perspective. It also provides an overview of the current status of knowledge of the ranked paras ites in food and their public health and trade impact, and provides advice and guidance on the parasite-commodity combinations of particular concern, the issues that need to be addressed by risk managers, and the risk management options available to them. It documents the ranking process used to facilitate its adoption at regional, national, or local levels. This volume and others in this Microbiological Risk Assessment Series contain information that is useful to both risk assessors and risk ma nagers, the Codex Alimentarius Commission, governments and regulatory agencies, food producers and processers and other institutions or individuals with an interest in foodborne parasites and their impact on food safety, public health and livelihoods.
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    Manual on the application of the HACCP System in Mycotoxin prevention and control 2003
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    The manual is meant to provide guidance on the application of the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point approach to the prevention and control of mycotoxin contamination of foods and feed. After a brief introduction on the nature of mycotoxins and their effects on human and animal health, the document describes the HACCP system, as defined by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, and takes the reader through a series of illustrative examples (six) which show how the HACCP approach can be applied to prevent and control mycotoxin contamination. The examples include: Yellow maize kernals; maize-based animal feed; copra cake and meal; commercially produced peanut butter; apple juice; and pistachio nuts.
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    Foodborne Diseases: Situation of Diarrheal Diseases in Thailand 2004
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    Among food borne diseases, diarrheal diseases in those living in poor environmental sanitation and those with poor personal hygiene have been a major public health problem in Thailand for many years. Major causes of the diseases include contaminated food and drinking water, poor personal hygiene, and poor consumption behaviours. Thailand has implemented a programme for prevention and control of diarrheal diseases in the country, focusing on prevention, investigation, monitoring, reporting, and t reatment of the diarrheal cases. According to the programme, it is reported a decrease in the diarrheal disease incidence in 2003. In addition to diarrheal diseases control programme, the prevention of food borne diseases generated from contamination with other microbiological agents (e.g. worm diseases and hepatitis-A), toxins, and chemical agents (e.g. pesticides and toxic metals) is also a strategy included in the `Food Safety Programme' in Thailand. This programme is emphasized and implemented by the Ministry of Public Health cooperated with other related organizations, aiming at making all foods produced and consumed in Thailand safe and able to meet the international food standard, which could consequently lead the country to become the kitchen of the world.

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