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The future of family farming in the context of the 2030 Agenda










FAO and IFAD.2019. United Nations Decade of Family Farming 2019-2028. The future of family farming in the context of the 2030 Agenda. Rome. 16pp. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.



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    Project
    Providing Capacity Development Activities to The CPLP Training Centre on Sustainable Family Farming (“Centro de Competências da CPLP”) - TCP/INT/3708 (Phase 1) and TCP/INT/3903 (Phase 2) 2023
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    Current food and agricultural systems have been successful in supplying large quantities of food to global markets. However, these systems are not capable of achieving sustainable development for all, as they heavily rely on external inputs and resource-intensive methods, which have led to environmental degradation and negative impacts on soil, water and biodiversity. To address this and in response to a demand presented by small-scale farmers and non-governmental organization (NGO) activists during the First Family Farmers Forum held in Sao Tome and Principe in 2015, this project was developed to promote sustainable family farming and agroecology within the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP). The project focused on establishing a "Centro de Competências da CPLP," namely a training centre on sustainable family farming, to provide technical training courses on agroecology to family farmers, government officials and NGOs. The centre's teaching methods were designed to integrate traditional knowledge while aiming to promote sustainability in agriculture. A second phase of the project was implemented in order to provide further support.
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    The United Nations Decade of Family Farming (UNDFF): Continuity and Changes in The Agenda - TCP/RLA/3719 2022
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    The last 15 years in Latin America have been marked by the emergence and consolidation of family farming and the need to develop differentiated public policies Many countries have experimented with new institutional architectures and public policies, which have been designed and, in some cases, implemented yet much remains to be done to consolidate this sector In addition, the economic and political landscape in the region is necessitating a revision of the policies that have been developed and their applicability, while raising the need for innovations that will make it possible to boost family farming and consolidate it as a key sector for eradicating hunger, rural poverty and achieving the proposed Sustainable Development Goals ( The recent approval by the UNDFF offers an exceptional opportunity to significantly contribute to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in an inclusive, collaborative and coherent manner The aims of the UNDFF are to recognize the importance of family farmers and empower them as key agents of change in the transformation of food systems, by making them more efficient and sustainable In addition, the UNDFF aims to link their importance with environmental, health and nutrition, their role in the fight against poverty and inequality, the strengthening of the social fabric in rural territories and the revitalization of the respective economies.
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    Document
    Climate Change, Food Security and Insurance Systems for Family Farming
    Brazil case: Climate, income and price insurance programs.
    2016
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    Family Farming Insurance Disasters resulting from weather changes cause the greatest economic impacts on the region (70% of emergencies are weather-related). Annual costs of approximately 2.2% of the GDP (base year 2010) are estimated to face disasters, in lack of climate change adaptation actions. The global climate risk index estimated based on information from 1995 to 2014, indicates that 4 out of the 10 countries with the highest risk index are in Latin America and the Caribbean: Honduras, H aiti, Nicaragua and Guatemala. In the region, one third of the population lives in high risk zones due to exposure to geological and hydro-meteorological threats. Climate change is also increasing the dispersal area of plant and animal plagues and diseases, in addition to increasing the probability of outbreaks and intensified effects. Through the enactment of Law 5,969 of 1973, Brazil established the Agricultural and Livestock Activity Guarantee Program (PROAGRO) to protect farmers from rural loan obligations. In 2004, it created “PROAGRO Mais”, for producers associated to the National Program for the Strengthening of Family Farming (PRONAF). Currently, PROAGRO protects medium-sized farmers (PRONAMP), and PROAGRO Mais protects PRONAF beneficiaries. PROAGRO Mais guarantees, in cost operations, up to 80% of the expected gross income, covering financing and up to R$ 20 thousand of the estimated net income; and for investment operations, coverage limit is 95% of the expected gross inco me, deducting the coverage by cost operations. In cost operations, PRONAF beneficiary participation is mandatory, while in investment operations, it is optional. Harvest Guarantee In Latin America and the Caribbean, family farming is very important for the food security and nutrition of all population. Approximately 81% of agricultural endeavours correspond to family farmers and, depending on the country, they provide 27% to 67% of the food. Family farming generates 57% to 77% of agricultural j obs in the region, so its is a very important job-generation sector. To continue boosting food security and sustainable development, family farming has three important challenges: 1) to produce more assorted and nutritional foods, 2) to continue creating safer and more stable jobs, and 3) to favour the appropriate use of resources used in production. Harvest Guarantee is a program that supports family farmers below the poverty line, with emphasis on the Brazilian Semiarid Zone, where losses due to drought are frequent. It was established by Law 10,420, of April 10, 2002. Price Guarantee for Family Farming This is a Federal Government program that offers the family farmer with PRONAF loan, a protection against price reductions. Currently, 51 products have a guarantee price. Rural population in the region lives in an extremely precarious situation because the poorest population plus the population in economic vulnerability situation correspond to 80% of the total rural population. Many family farmers in this percentage have their livelihoods depending greatly on environmental factors and natural resources.

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