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Facing the threat of Xylella fastidiosa together










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Developing capacity in the Near East and North Africa region to prevent the introduction and spread of Xylella fastidiosa 2019
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    The occurrence of the Olive Quick Decline Syndrome (OQDS) caused by Xylella fastidiosa in the Apulia region in Italy, poses a serious threat for olive production in the Mediterranean countries. The host complexity of X. fastidiosa and the diverse ways of its dissemination make the disease more likely to be introduced into the Near East and North Africa (NENA) countries through the movement and trade of potentially infected host plants. These facts imposed the necessity of strengthening the phytosanitary measures applied in the region and putting in place a harmonized surveillance programme. To face this challenge, FAO launched a Regional Technical Cooperation Project to help NENA countries in their efforts to enforce preventive measures for the introduction and spread of X. fastidiosa - Olive Quick Decline Syndrome - in their territories.
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    Xylella fastidiosa: Imminent risk to food security in Near East and North Africa Region
    One Health and transboundary plant pests and diseases
    2020
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    The first report of Xylella fastidiosa in southern Italy in 2013 has triggered great anxiety for agriculture business in the Mediterranean region. The presence of such a pathogen poses a serious threat to crop production, food security and employment in the rural areas in the region. The pathogen has the ability to infect 560 plant species and spread through insect vectors. The favourable climatic conditions, the abundance of insect vectors and the wide distribution of host plants would foster the spread of the disease. Plants for planting are considered the most likely means of long-distance spread. Thus, the risk for NENA countries has enlarged as they are the main importers of plant propagation . For this reason, such “silent killer” requires effective surveillance system to be operational before significant damage can be noticed, to act as an early warning system.
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    Project
    Renforcement des capacités visant à prévenir l’introduction et la propagation de xylella fastidiosa – Syndrome de déclin rapide de l’olivier au Proche-Orient et en Afrique du Nord - TCP/RAB/3601 2020
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    Xylella fastidiosa, la bactérie responsable du Syndromede déclin rapide de l'olivier, représente une gravemenace pour la production d'olives dans la régionméditerranéenne. Les oliviers infectés par la bactéries'affaiblissent progressivement et meurent en peude temps. Symbole de la culture et de l'histoireméditerranéenne, l'olivier est une des principalescultures de la région. La production d’olives et d’huileconstitue une source de revenus fondamentale pour desmilliers de familles à revenus faibles et moyens. Les paysde la région du Proche-Orient et de l'Afrique du Norddépendent de façon importante pour leurs plantationsde l'importation de matériel végétal en provenance depays dans lesquels la maladie a été signalée. Le risqued'introduction et de propagation de la bactérie dansla région est donc élevé, non seulement en raisondes échanges commerciaux, mais aussi en raison de laprévalence des plantes hôtes, des insectes vecteurs etde l'adéquation des conditions environnementales.Pour faire face à cette menace, la FAO, la Conventioninternationale pour la protection des végétaux (CIPV) etle Centre international de hautes études agronomiquesméditerranéennes (CIHEAM) ont organisé conjointementen avril 2016 un atelier international sur X. fastidiosa àBari (Italie). À cette occasion, la nécessité de coordonnerles efforts nationaux des pays méditerranéens présentantun risque élevé d'introduction de la bactérie a étésoulignée.

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