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Nutrition country profile: Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 2005








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    Nutrition country profile: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia 2008 2008
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    The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is a landlocked mountainous country located in the North-eastern horn of Africa. Ethiopia, which is the second most populated country in Sub-Saharan Africa, is experiencing rapid population growth. The population is very young and is one of the least urbanized in the world. Ethiopia is heavily dependant on the agricultural sector which accounts for almost half of the GDP. About three-quarters of the population are engaged in agriculture, mainly in subs istence and rain-fed farming and livestock production. Since 2000, the economy has been growing steadily. However, Ethiopia remains one of the poorest nations in the world, with almost a quarter of Ethiopians living with less than 1$ a day.
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    FAO - Nutrition country profiles: Vanuatu 2003 2003
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    Vanuatu is situated in the south west Pacific Ocean. While the rural population follows a predominantly subsistence lifestyle, the urban population has adopted a more westernised lifestyle. Vanuatu’s traditional staple foods are root crops, such as yam and taro, although starchy fruits such as plantain and breadfruit are also seasonally important. The consumption of traditional foods was highest in the rural and lowest in the urban areas. Consumption of imports such as rice, fat/oils, canned and fresh meat/fish, milk and bread was highest in the urban and lowest in the rural areas. The rise in non-communicable diseases has been attributed, in part, to this transition away from traditional foods in favour of imported ones. This also has an impact on agricultural production, food security and self-sufficiency in food production (Carlot-Tary et al., 2000).
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    Nutrition country profile: Syrian Arab Republic 2005 2005
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    The Syrian Arab Republic suffers from limited rainfall and scarcity of water resources, but despite these difficult conditions, agricultural production has increased notably during the last decades. Syria is a middle-income country. The Human Development Index increased considerably during the last 25-year period, but about one fifth of Syrian people still live below the national poverty line. Constant progress has been made in maternal and child health services leading to a significant reductio n in infant and maternal mortality, and to a very good level of immunization. Nevertheless, diarrheal diseases are still among the main causes of death of children, particularly in rural areas where access to health services but also to clean water and adequate sanitation are more limited.

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