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我们的优先重点 粮农组织战略目标








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    粮农组织战略目标
    我们的优先重点
    2013
    实现粮农组织消除饥饿和贫困的目标是一项 艰巨而复杂的任务。今天,我们完成了工作方 式的重大转变,粮农组织因而更加符合客观要 求,管理层级进一步减少,行动方式更加灵 活,而一切活动的动力均源自五项战略目标。 粮农组织得到改进之后面貌一新,真正迎来 了战胜饥饿、营养不良和农村贫困的契机。
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    Outline of climate and oceanographic conditions in the Indian Ocean in the recent years: an update to August 2013 2013
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    In this paper, we provide an update on the trends of climate and oceanographic conditions in the Indian Ocean and in sub-regions (Somali basin, East and West Equatorial areas, Mozambique Channel and Maldives). The ENSO cycle has been largely fluctuating between ENSO-neutral and Niña conditions during the past 4 years. Positive sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies have prevailed since the early 2000 over the West Indian Ocean (WIO). Substantial deepening of the thermocline occurs in the WIO in relation with intense El Niño events, but the opposite response (shoaling) during La Niña events is not clear on the long term. Since 2008, SOI has shown predomintly positive values (Niña) and thermocline has shoaled without major disruption along this trend until April 2011. Chlorophyll (SSC) has shown a declining trend over 2006-2010, followed by a slight increase from October 2010 to May 2011 in association with a Niña event, then continued to decline until March 2013. Then, the trend revers ed and positive anomalies developed from May 2013 onwards. Highly positive SSC anomalies were found in July-September 2013 in the Somali basin (40% above normal), suggesting an intensification of the Somali upwelling. In other areas, SSC was about the average in 2013 (Mozambique Channel, Maldives) or still slightly negative (10 % below normal) in the West equatorial (December 2012 to February 2013) and East equatorial areas. The overall chlorophyll- depleted conditions for 2006-2012 (except 2011 ) in the WIO, when the thermocline was shoaling, is unclear as we might have expected a positive chlorophyll response to an increased supply of nutrients in the photic layer associated with shallow thermocline. The skipjack purse seine CPUEs on associated sets, in the Somali basin during July-September, are distributed in chlorophyll-enriched areas resulting from the upwelling. In 2010-2012, the position of the 0.4 mg.m-3 isoline of chlorophyll concentration delineated the eastward boundary of t he skipjack CPUEs.
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    Meeting
    Report of the Fifteenth Session of the IOTC Working Party on Tropical Tunas 2013
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    The Fifteenth Session of the Indian Ocean Tu Commission‘s (IOTC) Working Party on Tropical Tus (WPTT) was held in San Sebastian, Spain, from 23 to 28 October 2013. The meeting was opened on 23 October 2013 by the Chair, Dr Hilario Murua (EU-Spain), who welcomed participants to San Sebastian, Spain. A total of 46 participants attended the Session (47 in 2012), including one invited expert, Dr. Andrew Cooper, from Simon Fraser University, Cada. The following are a subset of the complete recommenda tions from the WPTT15 to the Scientific Committee, which are provided at Appendix XII. Japan data collection and processing systems The WPTT THANKED Japan for addressing some of the concerns raised by the WPTT in 2012, and RECOMMENDED that Japan and the IOTC Secretariat continue joint work, in cooperation with other countries having longline fisheries, to address other issues identified by the WPTT, as the lack of specimens of small size from the samples and discrepancies in the average weights estimated using the available catch-and-effort and length frequency data. (para. 62) Taiwan,Chi data collection and processing systems NOTING that in recent years fishers from the Taiwan,Chi longline fleet have been collecting both length and weight measurements for the same specimens, the WPTT RECOMMENDED that the measured lengths and lengths derived from weight measurements are compared in order to validate the reliability of this dataset (para. 67) Length Frequency inter-sessiol meeting guide lines NOTING the size data issues (discrepancies in catch, effort and notably size data (low sampling rate, uneven distribution of sampling in regard to the spatial extent of the fishery) in the Japanese and Taiwan,Chi tropical tu data sets) identified by the WPTT in 2012 and 2013 and the Scientific Committee in 2012, the WPTT RECOMMENDED that an inter-sessiol meeting attached to the WPDCS and WPM on data collection and processing systems for size data from the main longline fleets in the Indian Ocean, be carried out in early 2014, under the guidelines contained in Appendix IV. (para. 74) The WPTT NOTED that the data collection and processing systems used for distant-water longline fisheries tend to apply to all oceans AGREEING that it is likely that the issues identified for the Indian Ocean also apply to other areas. In this regard, the WPTT RECOMMENDED that the IOTC Secretariat informs other tu-RFMO Secretariats about the issues identified and facilitates participation of their staf f to the WPDCS, where required. (para. 75) India fisheries NOTING the potential utility of the longline CPUEs derived from the research surveys conducted by the ?Fishery Survey of India?, the WPTT RECOMMENDED that as a high priority, India undertake a standardisation of the CPUE series, with the support of the IOTC Secretariat, and for this to be presented at the next WPTT meeting. (para. 92) Alysis of the Time-Area Closures (including Resolution 12/13) NOTING that the objective of Resolution 12 /13 is to decrease the overall pressure on the main targeted stocks in the Indian Ocean, in particular yellowfin tu and bigeye tu, and also to evaluate the impact of the current time/area closure and any altertive scerios on tropical tu population, the WPTT reiterated its previous RECOMMENDATION that the SC request that the Commission specify the level of reduction or the long term magement objectives to be achieved with the current or altertive time area closures, as these are not contained wit hin Resolution 12/13. (para. 245) Review of the draft, and adoption of the Report of the Fifteenth Session of the WPTT The WPTT RECOMMENDED that the Scientific Committee consider the consolidated set of recommendations arising from WPTT15, provided at Appendix XII, as well as the magement advice provided in the draft resource stock status summary for each of the tropical tu species under the IOTC mandate: (para. 271) o Bigeye tu (Thunnus obesus) – Appendix VII o Skipjack tu (Katsuwonus pelamis) – Appendix VIII o Yellowfin tu (Thunnus albacares) – Appendix IX A summary of the stock status for tropical tu species under the IOTC mandate is provided in Table 1.

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