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饲料微生物分析实验室质量保证手册













饲料微生物分析实验室质量保证手册 = Quality assurance for microbiology in feed analysis laboratories / (英)理查德·A. 考伊(Richard A. Cowie)著;刘华伟等译. —北京:

中国农业科学技术出版社,2021. 3




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    Book (series)
    Quality assurance for microbiology in feed analysis laboratories 2013
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    Animal feeding influences every sector of the livestock industry. High quality animal feed with the correct nutritional content and free from harmful contaminants, such as microbiological agents or their toxins, ensures that animals will be in the best possible condition, content and healthy. As a result animals will produce increased yields of quality products (meat, milk, eggs or wool) resulting in improved health and wellbeing of the human population. This publication provides comprehensiv e guidance on the requirements of a microbiology laboratory performing animal feed analysis and includes examples of standard operating procedures, prepared by experts from around the world. These procedures will assist laboratories in attaining the competence required, will enhance the quality of data reported and ensure the safety of laboratory workers. The procedures contained in this publication are compliant with ISO/IEC 17025:2005 (General requirements for the competence of testing and cal ibration laboratories) and take into account ISO 14001:2004 (Environmental management systems) and BS OHSAS 18001:2007 (Occupational health and safety management systems) and will assist laboratories to gain accreditation or certification. This publication will be useful for laboratory analysts, laboratory managers, students and teachers and will enable workers in the livestock industry to appreciate the importance of proven reliable data and quality assurance. Implementing the procedures wil l strengthen the research and education capabilities of students and promote a better trading environment between developing and developed economies. This will have long-term benefits and promote investment in feed industries and R&D.
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    Meeting
    Assessment of depredation level in Reunion Island pelagic longline fishery based on information from self-reporting data sampling programme 2013
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    Depredation attracts broad intertiol attention during recent decades with worldwide expansion of fishing by passive gears, in particular pelagic and bottom longlines. Presumed steady increase of depredation level from the early years of fisheries to present (IOTC, 2000a, Donoghue et al., 2003, Gilman et al., 2007) and economic losses associated with this type of interaction (IOTC, 1999, 2000a, Bargain, 2000, 2001; Nishida, Tanio, 2001, Rabearisoa, 2012) were major concerns. Depredation is usuall y defined as “the partial or complete removal of hooked fish or bait from fishing gear...” by predators such as cetaceans, sharks, bone fish, birds, squids, crustaceans and others” distinguishing it from predation, i.e. “the taking of free swimming fish (or other organisms)...” (Donoghue et al., 2003; Gilman et al., 2006, 2007). Depredation mostly occur in statiory (passive) gears like pelagic and bottom longlines (Kock et al., 1996; Gilman et al., 2006, 2008), gillnets (Read et al., 2003), trap s, line fisheries (de Stephanis, 2004; Navarro, Bearzi, 2007) and within aquaculture facilities (Stickley et al., 1992; Coon, 1996; Glahn et al., 1999; Fenech et al., 2004; Kloskowski, 2005). However highly mobile fisheries like trolling, trawl and purse seine are also sometimes subject to depredation (often mixed with scavenging) by marine mammals (Zollett, Read, 2006, Zahri et al., 2004), squids (Olson et al., 2006), birds (Baker et al., 2007) or sharks (our unpublished data). Longline fishing operations suffered probably the most from depredation due to its worldwide distribution, statiory ture, long exposure (hours) in the environment, easy access to animal caught and gear fragility. Possible altertion of predators behaviour resulted from interactions with fishing gears was also suggested based on fact of depredation itself and different reaction to fishing gear among populations of the same species (Matkin et al., 2007). If alteration of predators? behaviour is really take place, potential wide impact on ecosystem scale might be envisaged. Depredation occurrence and respective losses of catch are usually not reported in the fisheries statistics and are a source of „cryptic mortality? that is not accounted for in current stock assessment studies, therefore affecting directly fisheries magement decisions and practice (Gilman et al., 2007, Romanov et al., 2007). Economic losses due to catch and gear damage have brought serious concerns to fishermen (Yano, Dahlheim, 1994; Ni shida, Tanio, 2001; Donoghue et al., 2003; Rabearisoa, 2012) while harm to marine megafau either through interactions with fishing gears or with fishermen who attempts to protect their catch (Gulland, 1986; Read, 2008) rises conservation issues. There is an obvious and urgent need for close monitoring of the depredation phenomenon, its quantification, incorporation into the fisheries magement schemes and development of mitigation measures. Here we report prelimiry results of depredation affectin g the local longline fishery operated from Reunion Island, basing on information from self-reporting data collection programme.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Special Report Angola- July 2006 2006
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    • Rainfall was the main determinant for Angola’s crop production in 2005/06, with much of the country experiencing excessive rains and/or longer dry spells than usual. • With the recent re-settlement trend in former agricultural areas, there was a small increase in land under cultivation compared with 2004/05, but crop yields were generally lower as a result of poor rainfall distribution. • Production of 2006 maize, the dominant cereal crop, is estimated at 579 000 tonnes, a reduction of ov er 20 percent from the previous year’s record harvest. Total cereal production is estimated at 742 000 tonnes, down 15.5 percent on last year but up 7 percent on the average of the previous five years. A drop of about one-third in cereal production is estimated in the most affected central provinces of the country. • It is expected that there will be a cereal import requirement of about 843 000 tonnes for marketing year 2006/07 (April/March), including about 217 000 tonnes of maize. Accounting for commercial imports estimated at 776 000 tonnes, there remains a net cereal deficit of about 67 000 tonnes. • The supply of cassava in the north of the country is plentiful. Cassava flour is generally available in most local markets; however, it is not widely traded throughout the country. • Livestock condition is good; pasture and access to water were problems in the areas where dry spells were experienced (in the south and centre), but became satisfactory following heavy rains in March and April. • Despite much progress made over the past few years, some households of refugees and IDPs have not established food security. They add to the number of vulnerable groups, including some female-headed households, and the sick and elderly. • Approximately 800 000 persons will require some assistance - food and non-food - until the next harvest in May 2007. This is about 71 percent of those determined to require assistance in 2004 and 42 percent of the number for 2003.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (series)
    Quality assurance for microbiology in feed analysis laboratories 2013
    Also available in:

    Animal feeding influences every sector of the livestock industry. High quality animal feed with the correct nutritional content and free from harmful contaminants, such as microbiological agents or their toxins, ensures that animals will be in the best possible condition, content and healthy. As a result animals will produce increased yields of quality products (meat, milk, eggs or wool) resulting in improved health and wellbeing of the human population. This publication provides comprehensiv e guidance on the requirements of a microbiology laboratory performing animal feed analysis and includes examples of standard operating procedures, prepared by experts from around the world. These procedures will assist laboratories in attaining the competence required, will enhance the quality of data reported and ensure the safety of laboratory workers. The procedures contained in this publication are compliant with ISO/IEC 17025:2005 (General requirements for the competence of testing and cal ibration laboratories) and take into account ISO 14001:2004 (Environmental management systems) and BS OHSAS 18001:2007 (Occupational health and safety management systems) and will assist laboratories to gain accreditation or certification. This publication will be useful for laboratory analysts, laboratory managers, students and teachers and will enable workers in the livestock industry to appreciate the importance of proven reliable data and quality assurance. Implementing the procedures wil l strengthen the research and education capabilities of students and promote a better trading environment between developing and developed economies. This will have long-term benefits and promote investment in feed industries and R&D.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Meeting
    Assessment of depredation level in Reunion Island pelagic longline fishery based on information from self-reporting data sampling programme 2013
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Depredation attracts broad intertiol attention during recent decades with worldwide expansion of fishing by passive gears, in particular pelagic and bottom longlines. Presumed steady increase of depredation level from the early years of fisheries to present (IOTC, 2000a, Donoghue et al., 2003, Gilman et al., 2007) and economic losses associated with this type of interaction (IOTC, 1999, 2000a, Bargain, 2000, 2001; Nishida, Tanio, 2001, Rabearisoa, 2012) were major concerns. Depredation is usuall y defined as “the partial or complete removal of hooked fish or bait from fishing gear...” by predators such as cetaceans, sharks, bone fish, birds, squids, crustaceans and others” distinguishing it from predation, i.e. “the taking of free swimming fish (or other organisms)...” (Donoghue et al., 2003; Gilman et al., 2006, 2007). Depredation mostly occur in statiory (passive) gears like pelagic and bottom longlines (Kock et al., 1996; Gilman et al., 2006, 2008), gillnets (Read et al., 2003), trap s, line fisheries (de Stephanis, 2004; Navarro, Bearzi, 2007) and within aquaculture facilities (Stickley et al., 1992; Coon, 1996; Glahn et al., 1999; Fenech et al., 2004; Kloskowski, 2005). However highly mobile fisheries like trolling, trawl and purse seine are also sometimes subject to depredation (often mixed with scavenging) by marine mammals (Zollett, Read, 2006, Zahri et al., 2004), squids (Olson et al., 2006), birds (Baker et al., 2007) or sharks (our unpublished data). Longline fishing operations suffered probably the most from depredation due to its worldwide distribution, statiory ture, long exposure (hours) in the environment, easy access to animal caught and gear fragility. Possible altertion of predators behaviour resulted from interactions with fishing gears was also suggested based on fact of depredation itself and different reaction to fishing gear among populations of the same species (Matkin et al., 2007). If alteration of predators? behaviour is really take place, potential wide impact on ecosystem scale might be envisaged. Depredation occurrence and respective losses of catch are usually not reported in the fisheries statistics and are a source of „cryptic mortality? that is not accounted for in current stock assessment studies, therefore affecting directly fisheries magement decisions and practice (Gilman et al., 2007, Romanov et al., 2007). Economic losses due to catch and gear damage have brought serious concerns to fishermen (Yano, Dahlheim, 1994; Ni shida, Tanio, 2001; Donoghue et al., 2003; Rabearisoa, 2012) while harm to marine megafau either through interactions with fishing gears or with fishermen who attempts to protect their catch (Gulland, 1986; Read, 2008) rises conservation issues. There is an obvious and urgent need for close monitoring of the depredation phenomenon, its quantification, incorporation into the fisheries magement schemes and development of mitigation measures. Here we report prelimiry results of depredation affectin g the local longline fishery operated from Reunion Island, basing on information from self-reporting data collection programme.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (stand-alone)
    Special Report Angola- July 2006 2006
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    • Rainfall was the main determinant for Angola’s crop production in 2005/06, with much of the country experiencing excessive rains and/or longer dry spells than usual. • With the recent re-settlement trend in former agricultural areas, there was a small increase in land under cultivation compared with 2004/05, but crop yields were generally lower as a result of poor rainfall distribution. • Production of 2006 maize, the dominant cereal crop, is estimated at 579 000 tonnes, a reduction of ov er 20 percent from the previous year’s record harvest. Total cereal production is estimated at 742 000 tonnes, down 15.5 percent on last year but up 7 percent on the average of the previous five years. A drop of about one-third in cereal production is estimated in the most affected central provinces of the country. • It is expected that there will be a cereal import requirement of about 843 000 tonnes for marketing year 2006/07 (April/March), including about 217 000 tonnes of maize. Accounting for commercial imports estimated at 776 000 tonnes, there remains a net cereal deficit of about 67 000 tonnes. • The supply of cassava in the north of the country is plentiful. Cassava flour is generally available in most local markets; however, it is not widely traded throughout the country. • Livestock condition is good; pasture and access to water were problems in the areas where dry spells were experienced (in the south and centre), but became satisfactory following heavy rains in March and April. • Despite much progress made over the past few years, some households of refugees and IDPs have not established food security. They add to the number of vulnerable groups, including some female-headed households, and the sick and elderly. • Approximately 800 000 persons will require some assistance - food and non-food - until the next harvest in May 2007. This is about 71 percent of those determined to require assistance in 2004 and 42 percent of the number for 2003.

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