Aguilar-Manjarrez, J., Soto, D. & Brummett, R. 2017. Aquaculture zoning, site selection and area management under the ecosystem approach to aquaculture. Full document. Rome, FAO.

Ahonen, H. & Pirhonen, J. 2018. An overview of aquaculture education in the Nordic countries, with special emphasis on recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS). Finland, University of Jyväskylä.

Alam, G.M.M., Sarker, M.N.I., Gatto, M., Bhandari, H. & Naziri, D. 2022. Impacts of COVID-19 on the fisheries and aquaculture sector in developing countries and ways forward. Sustainability, 2022, 14(3): 1071.

Aquatic Network. 2021. Investments and funding sources. In: Aquatic Network – Resources for Aquaculture & Aquaponics. Cited 22 November 2021.\investments

AU-IBAR (African Union InterAfrican Bureau for Animal Resources). 2021. African Continental Non-State Actors Coordination Platform in Fisheries and Aquaculture established and elects new bureau members. In: AU-IBAR News. Cited 16 March 2022.

Bahri, T., Vasconcellos, M., Welch, D.J., Johnson, J., Perry, R.I., Ma, X. & Sharma, R., eds. 2021. Adaptive management of fisheries in response to climate change. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 667. Rome, FAO.

Béné, C., Bakker, D., Chavarro, M.J., Even, B., Melo, J. & Sonneveld, A. 2021. Global assessment of the impacts of COVID-19 on food security. Global Food Security, 31: 100575. Cited 17 December 2021.

Blaha, F. 2017. Barriers to large-scale interoperability of traceability technology in seafood. In: Francisco Blaha. Cited 22 November 2021.

Blue Earth Consultants. 2020. Workforce development in aquaculture and fisheries: landscape analysis of ocean-related career pathways for leadership and career development, pp. 1–24.

Borit, M. & Olsen, P. 2016. Seafood traceability systems: Gap analysis of inconsistencies in standards and norms. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1123. Rome, FAO.

Borit, M. & Olsen, P. 2020. Beyond regulatory compliance: Seafood traceability benefits and success cases. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1197. Rome, FAO.

Brown, D. & Poulain, F., eds. 2013. Guidelines for the fisheries and aquaculture sector on damage and needs assessments in emergencies. Rome, FAO.

Brugere, C. & De Young, C. 2020. Addressing fisheries and aquaculture in National Adaptation Plans. Supplement to the UNFCCC NAP Technical Guidelines. Rome, FAO.

Brummett, R., Cai, J. & Marttin, F. 2017. Financing African aquaculture for sustainable economic development. FAO Aquaculture Newsletter, 57: 32–33.

Cai, J., Lovatelli, A., Aguilar-Manjarrez, J., Cornish, L., Dabbadie, L., Desrochers, A., Diffey, S. et al. Seaweeds and microalgae: an overview for unlocking their potential in global aquaculture development. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1229. Rome, FAO.

Cattermoul, B., Brown, D. & Poulain, F., eds. 2014. Fisheries and aquaculture emergency response guidance. Rome, FAO.

CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity). 2020. Aichi Biodiversity Targets. In: Convention on Biological Diversity. Montreal. Cited 2 November 2021.

CBD. 2021. Aichi Target 11. In: CBD. Cited 11 November 2021.

CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). 2021a. Species+. Cited 2 November 2021.

CITES. 2021b. Checklist of CITES Species. Cited 2 November 2021.

Codex Alimentarius Commission. 1997. Report of the Twenty-Second Session of the Joint FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission. Appendix II - Amendments to the Procedural Manual of the Codex Alimentarius Commission. Definitions for the purposes of the Codex Alimentarius definitions of risk analysis terms related to food safety. Rome, FAO and WHO.

Codex Alimentarius Commission. 2021. Information on activities of FAO and WHO relevant to the work of CCFFP. CX/FFP 21/35/3. Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme, Code Committee on Fish and Fishery Products, Thirty-fifth Session, 20 September – 25 October 2021. Rome, FAO and WHO.

Cook, K., Rosenbaum, K.L. & Poulain, F. 2021. Building resilience to climate change and disaster risks for small-scale fisheries communities. A human-rights-based approach to the implementation of Chapter 9 of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication. Rome, FAO.

Coppola, D., Lauritano, C., Palma Esposito, F., Riccio, G., Rizzo, C. & de Pascale, D. 2021. Fish waste: From problem to valuable resource. Marine Drugs, 19(2): 1–39.

Costopoulou, C., Ntaliani M. & Karetsos, S. 2016. Studying mobile apps for agriculture. IOSR Journal of Mobile Computing & Application, 3(6): 44–99.

Cottrell, R.S., Blanchard, J.L., Halpern, B.S., Metian, M. & Froehlich, H.E. 2020. Global adoption of novel aquaculture feeds could substantially reduce forage fish demand by 2030. Nature Food, 1: 301–308. Cited 10 February 2022.

Crumpler, K., Abi Khalil, R., Tanganelli, E., Rai, N., Roffredi, L., Meybeck, A., Umulisa, V., Wolf, J. & Bernoux, M. 2021. 2021 (Interim) Global update report: Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in the Nationally Determined Contributions. Environment and Natural Resources Management Working Paper No. 91. Rome, FAO.

Curtis, J., Nyandat, B. Yang, Z., Ridler, N., Menezes, A., Matias, F., Zhang, Z. & Murekezi, P. (forthcoming). Dynamics of aquaculture governance (2010–2020).

De, H.K., Saha, G.K. & Radheyshyam. 2013. Aquaculture field school to promote farmer-to-farmer extension. Journal of Global Communication, 6(2): 77–85.

Di Cintio, A., Labanchi, L., Spagnolo, M., Musella, G., Romeo, T., Garozzo, V., Di Genio, S. et al. 2022. Fishing capacity in Southern Italy: An insight into the status and trends of the Campanian fishing fleet. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 49: 102102.

EATIP (European Aquaculture Technology and Innovation Platform). 2021. Digitalisation in aquaculture – From vision to action. In: EATIP Forum. Liège, Belgium. Cited 22 November 2021.

ECLAC (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean). 2022. Regional Knowledge Management Platform. In: 2030 Agenda in Latin America and the Caribbean. Cited 16 March 2022.

Engle, C.R. 2021. The workforce needed to support future growth of aquaculture. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 52(4): 768–771.

FAO. 2003. Fisheries Management 2. The ecosystem approach to fisheries. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. No. 4, Suppl. 2. Rome.

FAO. 2009. International Guidelines for the Management of Deep-sea Fisheries in the High Seas. Rome.

FAO. 2010. Aquaculture development. 4. Ecosystem approach to aquaculture. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. No. 5, Suppl. 4. Rome.

FAO. 2011a. Review of the state of world marine fishery resources. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 569. Rome.

FAO. 2011b. Global food losses and food waste – Extent, causes and prevention. Rome.

FAO. 2012a. Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security. Rome.

FAO. 2012b. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2012. Rome.

FAO. 2015a. Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication. Rome.

FAO. 2015b. Promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment in fisheries and aquaculture. Rome.

FAO. 2016. The biosecurity approach: A review and evaluation of its application by FAO, internationally and in various countries. International Plant Protection Convention. Rome.

FAO. 2017a. Global initiative on food loss and waste. Rome.

FAO. 2017b. Trade Policy Briefs. FAO support to the WTO negotiations at the 11th Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires. No. 28. Rome.

FAO. 2017c. Aquaculture development. 7. Aquaculture governance and sector development. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries No. 5 Suppl. 7. Rome.

FAO. 2017d. Towards gender-equitable small-scale fisheries governance and development – A handbook. In support of the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication. Rome.

FAO. 2018a. International Seminar on Sustainable Seafood Value Chain: Traceability. In: GLOBEFISH – Information and Analysis on World Fish Trade. Rome. Cited 22 November 2021.

FAO. 2018b. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2018. Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals. Rome.

FAO. 2019a. The State of the World’s Aquatic Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Assessments. Rome.

FAO. 2019b. COFI Sub-Committee on Aquaculture 10th Session Documents. In: Report of the Tenth Session of the Sub-Committee on Aquaculture, Trondheim, Norway, 23–27 August 2019. Rome. Cited 20 December 2021.

FAO. 2019c. Fishery and oceanographic research Vessel – The R/V Dr Fridtjof Nansen. Rome.

FAO. 2019d. Voluntary Guidelines on the Marking of Fishing Gear. Rome.

FAO. 2019e. Building resilience to climate change in the Malawian fishery sector.

FAO. 2019f. International Symposium on Fisheries Sustainability. Key messages. In: FAO. Rome. Cited 8 November 2021.

FAO. 2020a. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2020. Sustainability in action. Rome.

FAO. 2020b. Food loss and waste in fish value chains. In: FAO. Rome. Cited 30 March 2022.

FAO. 2020c. Progress towards development of the progressive management pathway for improving aquaculture biosecurity (PMP/AB): Highlights of 2019 activities. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1211. Rome.

FAO. 2020d. Blue finance guidance notes. Microfinance for small-scale fisheries. Rome.

FAO. 2020e. Climate-smart fisheries and aquaculture. In: FAO elearning Academy. Rome. Cited 22 November 2021.

FAO. 2020f. SDG Indicator 14.4.1 – Fish stocks sustainability. In: FAO elearning Academy. Cited 5 March 2022.

FAO. 2020g. Legislating for Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries – A guide and considerations for implementing aspects of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication in National Legislation. Rome.

FAO. 2020h. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Fisheries Sustainability: strengthening the science-policy nexus. FAO Headquarters, 18–21 November 2019. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings No. 65. Rome.

FAO. 2020i. The EAF-Nansen Programme Science Plan – Supporting the application of the ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF) management considering climate and pollution impacts (2017–2021). Rome.

FAO. 2020j. The effect of COVID-19 on fisheries and aquaculture in Asia. Bangkok.

FAO. 2020k. Adding a gender lens into FAO’s response to COVID-19 Programme guidance. Rome.

FAO. 2020l. Social protection and COVID-19 response in rural areas. Rome.

FAO. 2020m. FAO Policy on Gender Equality 2020–2030. Rome.

FAO. 2021a. Voluntary Code of Conduct for Food Loss and Waste Reduction. Rome.

FAO. 2021b. 2021 COFI Declaration for Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture. Rome.

FAO. 2021c. Implementation of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries: Trends over the last 25 years. Rome.

FAO. 2021d. Capacity Development Portal Application. In: FAO. Rome. Cited 15 November 2021.

FAO. 2021e. Global Record of Fishing Vessels, Refrigerated Transport Vessels and Supply Vessels. In: FAO. Rome. Cited 2 December 2021.

FAO. 2021f. Advancing end-to-end seafood traceability: Online public consultation. In: GLOBEFISH – Information and Analysis on World Fish Trade. Rome. Cited 22 November 2021.

FAO. 2021g. The role of social protection in the recovery from COVID-19 impacts in fisheries and aquaculture. Rome.

FAO. 2021h. The EAF-Nansen Programme – Supporting the application of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF) management, considering climate and pollution impacts. In: United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. Cited 1 November 2021.

FAO. 2021i. Digital innovation Hand-in-Hand with fisheries and ecosystems scientific monitoring. In: United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. Cited 1 November 2021.

FAO. 2021j. Report of the 34th Session of the Committee on Fisheries (1–5 February 2021). Forty-second Session of the FAO Conference, Rome, 14–18 June 2021. C 2021/23. Cited 2 November 2021.

FAO. 2021k. Better data collection in shark fisheries – Learning from practice. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1227. Rome.

FAO. 2021l. Database on introductions of aquatic species (DIAS). In: FAO. Rome. Cited 2 November 2021.

FAO. 2021m. Fishing operations. Guidelines to prevent and reduce bycatch of marine mammals in capture fisheries. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries No. 1 Suppl. 4. Rome.

FAO. 2021n. Responsible fishing practices for sustainable fisheries. In: FAO. Rome.

FAO. 2021o. The impact of COVID-19 on fisheries and aquaculture – A global assessment from the perspective of regional fishery bodies: Second assessment – November 2020. Rome.

FAO. 2021p. Food Outlook – Biannual Report on Global Food Markets. Food Outlook. November 2021. Rome.

FAO. 2021q. The State of Food and Agriculture 2021. Making agrifood systems more resilient to shocks and stresses. Rome.

FAO. 2021r. International Women’s Day: Fishing for gender equality. In: General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean – GFCM. Rome. Cited 17 December 2021.

FAO. 2021s. The impact of COVID-19 on fisheries and aquaculture food systems. Possible responses. Information paper, November 2020. Rome.

FAO. 2021t. FishAdapt. Strengthening the adaptive capacity and resilience of fisheries and aquaculture-dependent livelihoods in Myanmar. In: FAO. Rome. Cited 17 December 2021.

FAO. 2021u. Empowering women and girls is crucial to ensure sustainable food security in the aftermath of COVID-19, say UN food agency heads ahead of International Women’s Day. In: FAO. Rome. Cited 16 November 2021.

FAO. 2022a. Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profiles. China. Country Profile Fact Sheets. In: Fisheries and Aquaculture Division. Rome. Cited 1 March 2022.

FAO. 2022b. Understanding and implementing catch documentation schemes – A guide for national authorities. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries No. 14. Rome.

FAO. 2022c. FAOLEX Database. In: FAO. Rome. Cited 9 February 2022.

FAO. 2022d. Sustainable Development Goals. In: FAO. Cited 16 March 2022.

FAO. 2022e. Sustainable Development Goals – Indicator 14.4.1. In: FAO. Cited 1 May 2022.

FAO. 2022f. Sustainable Development Goals – Indicator 14.6.1. In: FAO. Cited 1 May 2022.

FAO. 2022g. Sustainable Development Goals – Indicator 14.7.1. In: FAO. Cited 1 May 2022.

FAO. 2022h. Sustainable Development Goals – Indicator 14.b.1. In: FAO. Cited 1 May 2022.

FAO. 2022i. A policy and legal diagnostic tool for sustainable small-scale fisheries – In support of the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication. Rome.

FAO. (forthcoming, a). Guidelines on developing a mechanism for interagency cooperation for the effective implementation of the Agreement on Port State Measures. Rome.

FAO. (forthcoming, b). Evaluation of the impact of unemployment insurance on the socioeconomic conditions of small-scale fishers. Rome.

FAO Committee on Fisheries. 2015. Research and Education for Aquaculture Development. Eighth Session of the Sub-Committee on Aquaculture of the Committee on Fisheries, Brasilia, Brazil, 5–9 October 2015. Cited 22 November 2021.

FAO, Duke University & WorldFish. 2022. The contributions of small-scale fisheries to sustainable development. Rome, FAO.

FAO, Duke University & WorldFish. (forthcoming). Illuminating Hidden Harvests: Report of key findings into the contributions of small-scale fisheries to sustainable development. Rome, FAO, Durham, USA, Duke University, and Penang, Malaysia, WorldFish.

FAO, IFAD (International Fund for Agricultural Development), UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund), WFP (World Food Programme) & WHO (World Health Organization). 2021. 2021.The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2021. Transforming food systems for food security, improved nutrition and affordable healthy diets for all. Rome, FAO.

FAO, IMO (lnternational Maritime Organization) & ILO (lnternational Labour Organization). 2020. 2020. Joining forces to shape the fishery sector of tomorrow – Promoting safety and decent work in fisheries through the application of international standards. Rome.

FAO & INFOFISH. (forthcoming). Resilience and seizing opportunities: Small-scale fisheries and aquaculture businesses that thrived during the COVID-19 pandemic in South and Southeast Asia. Bangkok, FAO.

FAO & IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources). 2017. Identification of spatial priorities for the re-opening of wetlands to maintain the water flow required for ecological functioning, biological connectivity and habitat maintenance. Xe Champhone Ramsar Site, Lao PDR, CAWA Project, December 2017. Rome, FAO.

FAO, UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme), IUCN, CEM (Commission on Ecosystem Management) & SER (Society for Ecological Restoration). 2021. Principles for ecosystem restoration to guide the United Nations Decade 2021–2030. Rome.

FAO & WHO. 2020. Code of Practice for Fish and Fishery Products. Rome.

FAO & WorldFish. 2021. Aquatic food systems under COVID-19. Rome.

Ferguson, C. 2021. A rising tide does not lift all boats: Intersectional analysis reveals inequitable impacts of the seafood trade in fishing communities. Frontiers in Marine Science, 8: 625389.

Fitzgerald, C., Gallagher, E., Tasdemir, D. & Hayes, M. 2011. Heart health peptides from macroalgae and their potential use in functional foods. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2011; 59(13): 6829-6836.

Friedman, K., Gabriel, S., Abe, O., Adnan Nuruddin, A., Ali, A., Bidin Raja Hassan, R., Cadrin, S.X. et al. 2018. Examining the impact of CITES listing of sharks and rays in Southeast Asian fisheries. Fish and Fisheries, 19(4): 662–676.

Friedman, K., Braccini, M., Bjerregaard-Walsh, M., Bonfil, R., Bradshaw, C.J.A., Brouwer, S., Campbell, I. et al. 2020. Informing CITES Parties: Strengthening science-based decision-making when listing marine species. Fish and Fisheries, 21(1): 13–31.

Fugazza, M. 2017. Fish trade and policy: A primer on Non-Tariff Measures. UNCTAD Research Paper No. 7. Geneva, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

GAF (Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries Section). 2018. GAF7: Expanding the Horizons. Book of Abstracts, 7th Global Conference on Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries, 18–21 October, Bangkok. Malaysia, GAF of the Asian Fisheries Society.

GCA (Global Conference on Aquaculture). 2021. 2020 Global Conference on Aquaculture – Aquaculture for Food and Sustainable Development, 22–25 September, Shanghai, China. Cited 10 December 2021.

GESAMP (United Nations Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection). 2021. Sea-based sources of marine litter. GESAMP Working Group 43. Reports and Studies No. 108. London, IMO.

GFCM (General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean). 2022. Advancing the RPOA-SSF in the context of the GCFM 2030 Strategy. In: FAO. Cited 16 March 2022.

GGGI (Global Ghost Gear Initiative). 2021. Protecting our oceans and the life within them. In: GGGI. Cited 2 November 2021.

Glencross, B., Fracalossi, D., Hua, K., Izquierdo, M., Ma, K., Overland, M., Robb, D. et al. 2021. Harvesting the benefits of nutritional research to address global challenges in the 21st century. FAO Global Conference on Aquaculture 2020: Feeds and Feeding Session, 22–25 September 2021, Shanghai, China.

g-nous. 2020. Fishalytics – Precision Aquaculture. In: g-nous. Bari, Italy. Cited 22 November 2021.

Golden, C.D., Koehn, J.Z., Thilsted, S.H., Shepon, A., Passarelli, S., Free, C.M, Viana, D.F et al. 2021. Aquatic foods to nourish nations. Nature, 598: 315–320.

Gutierrez, N.L., Hilborn, R. & Defeo, O. 2011. Leadership, social capital and incentives promote successful fisheries. Nature, 470: 386–389.

Heitzig, C., Aloysius Uche, O. & Senbet, L. 2021. Sub-Saharan Africa’s debt problem: Mapping the pandemic’s effect and the way forward. In: Brookings. Cited 17 December 2021.

Hilborn, R., Amoroso, R.O, Anderson, C.M., Baum, J.K., Branch, T.A., Costello, C., de Moor, C.L. et al. 2020. Effective fisheries management instrumental in improving fish stock status. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(4): 2218–2224.

Hishamunda, N., Ridler, N. & Martone, E. 2014. Policy and governance in aquaculture: lessons learned and way forward. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 577. Rome, FAO.

HLPE (High-Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition). 2014. Food losses and waste in the context of sustainable food systems. A report by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security. Rome, FAO.

HLPF (United Nations High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development). 2022. High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development. In: United Nations. Cited 16 March 2022.

Hosch, G. & Blaha, F. 2017. Seafood traceability for fisheries compliance: Country-level support for catch documentation schemes. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 619. Rome, FAO.

Houston, R.D., Bean, T.P., Macqueen, D.J., Gundappa, M.K., Ye. H.J., Jenkins, T.L., Selly, S.L.C. et al. 2020. Harnessing genomics to fast-track genetic improvement in aquaculture. Nature Reviews Genetics, 21: 389–409.

Hua, K., Cobcroft, J.M., Cole, A., Condon, K., Jerry, D.R., Mangott, A., Praeger, C. et al. 2019. The future of aquatic protein: Implications for protein sources in aquaculture diets. One Earth, 1(3): 316–329.

ICES (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea). 2021. ICES-FAO Working Group on Fishing Technology and Fish Behaviour. ICES Scientific Reports, 3(27).

IFAD. 2018. Development of Kenya’s aquaculture sector could reduce rural poverty and tackle chronic malnutrition and food insecurity. In: IFAD. Cited 22 November 2021.

IFFO (Marine Ingredients Organisation). 2021. By-product. In: IFFO. Cited 30 March 2022.

IFOP (Institute of Fisheries Development). 2021. Sistema de información interoperable para seguimiento del cambio climático. In: IFOP. Cited 30 December 2021.

IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute). 2021. Smallholder and agrifood SME resilience to shocks: Lessons from COVID-19 for the UN Food System Summit. In: IFPRI Blog. Cited 17 December 2021.

IMO. 2019a. Marine litter. In: IMO. Cited 2 November 2021.

IMO. 2019b. GloLitter Partnerships Project. In: IMO. Cited 2 November 2021.

IOC-UNESCO (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission). 2021. The United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021–2030) Implementation Plan. Paris. Paris, UNESCO. Cited 3 November 2021.

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2021. AR6 Climate Change 2021: The physical science basis. Working Group I Report. In: Sixth Assessment Report. Cited 17 December 2021.

Jolly, C. & Menezes, A. (forthcoming). Capacity building. In: FAO. Guidelines for sustainable aquaculture. Rome.

Jones, N. 2021. Why the market for “blue carbon” credits may be poised to take off. In: Yale Environment 360. Yale School of the Environment. Cited 22 November 2021.

Kent, K. 2021. Impacts of COVID-19 on the fisheries and aquaculture food systems with a focus on Europe and the United Kingdom. Paper presented at the XXV Conference of the European Association of Fisheries Economists (EAFE) 5–6 October 2021.

Klein, R.J.T. & Maciver, D.C. 1999. Adaptation to climate variability and change: Methodological issues. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 4: 189–199.

Koehn, J.Z., Allison, E.H., Villeda, K., Chen, Z., Nixon, M., Crigler, E., Zhao et al. 2021. Fishing for health: Do the world’s national policies for fisheries and aquaculture align with those for nutrition? Fish and Fisheries, 00: 1–18.

Little, D.C., Newton, R. & Beveridge, M. 2016. Aquaculture: a rapidly growing and significant source of sustainable food? Status, transitions and potential. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 75(3): 274–286.

Lorenzen, K., Beveridge, M.C.M. & Mangel, M. 2012. Cultured fish: integrative biology and management of domestication and interactions with wild fish. Biological Review, 87(3): 639–660.

Love, D.C., Allison, E.H., Asche, F., Belton, B., Cottrell, R.S., Froehlich, H.E., Gephart, J.A. et al. 2021. Emerging COVID-19 impacts, responses, and lessons for building resilience in the seafood system. Global Food Security, 28: 100494.

Lucente, D., Sims, S., Lei, G. & Mair, G. 2021. Conservation of farmed aquatic species: an opportunity we must not miss! FAO Aquaculture News, 63: 51–53.

Menezes, A., Eide, A. & Raakjær, J. 2011. From poverty to wealth creation? Economic development of artisanal fisheries in Mozambique. In: S. Jentoft & A. Eide, eds. Poverty mosaics: Realities and prospects in small-scale fisheries, pp. 407–425. Springer.

Misk, R. & Gee, J. 2020. Women as agents of change in the response to COVID-19. FAO Aquaculture Newsletter, 62: 5052.

OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) & FAO. 2021a. OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2021-2030. Paris, OECD Publishing.

OECD & FAO. 2021b. OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook. Cited 25 March 2022.

OSPESCA (Central American Organization of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector) & SICA (Central American Integration System). 2020. Informe Ejecutivo sobre el estado actual del sector pesquero y acuícola en la región del SICA, ocasionada por la pandemia del COVID-19. San Salvador, El Salvador.

Patience, N., Motova, A. & Cooper, J. 2021. Covid-19 impacts on the UK catching sector in 2020. Seafish Report No. SR757. Edinburgh, UK, Seafish Industry Authority.

Pavitt, A., Malsch, K., King, E., Chevalier, A., Kachelriess, D., Vannuccini, S. & Friedman, K. 2021. CITES and the sea: Trade in commercially exploited CITES-listed marine species. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper, No. 666. Rome, FAO.

Phang, S.C., Cooperman, M., Lynch, A.J., Steel, E.A., Elliott, V., Murchie, K.J., Cooke, S.J., Dowd, S. & Cowx, I.G. 2019. Fishing for conservation of freshwater tropical fishes in the Anthropocene. Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 29(7): 1039–1051.

Pita, C., Eleftheriou, M., Fernández-Borras, J., Gonçalves, S., Mente, E. & Santos, M.B., Seixas, S. & Pierce, G.J. 2015. Generic skills’ needs for graduate employment in the aquaculture, fisheries and related sectors in Europe. Aquaculture International, 23: 767–786.

Plumptre, A.J., Baisero, D., Belote, R.T., Vázquez-Domínguez, E., Faurby, S., Jędrzejewski, W. & Kiara, H. et al. 2021. Where might we find ecologically intact communities? Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 4: 626635.

Poulain, F., Himes-Cornell, A. & Shelton, C. 2018. Methods and tools for climate change adaptation in fisheries and aquaculture. In: M. Barange, T. Bahri, C.M. Beveridge, K.L. Cochrane, S. Funge-Smith & F. Poulain, eds. Impacts of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture Synthesis of current knowledge, adaptation and mitigation options. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 627, pp. 535–566. Rome, FAO.

Qiang, C.Z., Kuek, S.C., Dymond, A. & Esselaar, S. 2012. Mobile applications for agriculture and rural development. World Bank, Washington, DC.

Rajagopalan, R. 2021. Handbook on Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) for small-scale fishing communities. Netherlands, International Collective in Support of Fisherworkers (ICSF).

Rice, J. 2011. Managing fisheries well: delivering the promises of an ecosystem approach. Fish and Fisheries, 12(2): 209–231.

Rousseau, Y., Watson, R.A., Blanchard, J.L. & Fulton, E.A. 2019. Evolution of global marine fishing fleets and the response of fished resources. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(25): 12238–12243.

Rubio, N., Datar, I. Stachura, Kaplan, D. & Krueger, K. 2019. Cell-based fish: A novel approach to seafood production and an opportunity for cellular agriculture. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 3: 43.

Short, R.E., Gelcich, S., Little, D.C., Micheli, F., Allison, E.H., Basurto, X., Belton, B. et al. 2021. Harnessing the diversity of small-scale actors is key to the future of aquatic food systems. Nature Food, 2: 733–741 [online]. [Cited 20 January 2022].

Siles, J,. Prebble, M., Wen, J. Hart, C. & Schuttenberg, H. 2019. Advancing gender in the environment: Gender in fisheries – A sea of opportunities. Washington, DC, IUCN and USAID.

Simeon, L.M. 2020. Government sees further growth in agriculture, fishery industries. The Philippine Star, 7 August 2020.

Sowman, M., Sunde, J., Pereira, T., Snow, B., Mbatha, P. & James, A. 2021. Unmasking governance failures: The impact of COVID-19 on small-scale fishing communities in South Africa. Marine Policy, 133: 104713.

Steele, L & Orrell, T. 2017. The frontiers of data interoperability for sustainable development. Joined-Up Data Standards project, Publish What You Fund and Development Initiatives. Cited 10 December 2021.

Stoll, J.S, Harrison, H.L, De Sousa, E., Callaway, D., Collier, M., Harell, K., Jones, B. et al. 2021. Alternative seafood networks during Covid-19: Implications for resilience and sustainability. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 5:614368. Cited 10 February 2022.

The Nature Conservancy. 2021. Global Principles of Restorative Aquaculture. Arlington, VA.

Thiao, D. & Bunting, S.W. 2022. Socio-economic and biological impacts of the fish-based feed industry for sub-Saharan Africa. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1236. Rome, FAO, Worldfish and University of Greenwich.

Tooze, A. 2021. Shutdown: How Covid shook the world’s economy. Allen Lane, London.

Toppe, J., Olsen, R.L., Peñarubia, O.R. & James, D.G. 2018. Production and utilization of fish silage. A manual on how to turn fish waste into profit and a valuable feed ingredient or fertilizer. Rome, FAO.

Trendov, N.M., Varas, S. & Zeng, M.T. 2019. Digital technologies in agriculture and rural areas. Briefing Paper. Rome, FAO.

Tsan, M., Totapally, S., Hailu, M. & Addon, B. 2019. The digitalisation of African agriculture. Report 2018–2019. Wageningen, Netherlands, Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA).

Turquet, L. & Koissy-Kpein, S. 2020. COVID-19 and gender: What do we know; what do we need to know? In: UNWomen. Cited 18 January 2022.

UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development). 2022. Impact and implications of COVID-19 for the ocean economy and trade strategy. Case studies from Barbados, Belize and Costa Rica. Geneva, UN.

UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme). 2021. The gathering storm – Adapting to climate change in a post-pandemic world. Adaptation Gap Report 2021. Nairobi.

UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). 2021. Decision -/CP.26 Glasgow Climate Pact.

UNGA (United Nations General Assembly). 2017. Our ocean, our future: call for action. Resolution 71/312 adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017.

United Nations. 2011. Guiding principles on business and human rights: Implementing the United Nations “Protect, Respect and Remedy” Framework. New York.

United Nations. 2018. Sustainable fisheries, including through the 1995 Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks, and related instruments. A/RES/72/72. New York, USA.

United Nations. 2019. The future is now – Science for achieving sustainable development. Global Sustainable Development Report 2019. New York.

United Nations. 2021a. The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2021. New York.

United Nations. 2021b. Secretary-General’s message on World Environment Day. In: United Nations. New York. Cited 10 November 2021.

United Nations. 2021c. Secretary-General’s remarks to Webinar entitled, “COP15: Road to Kunming, Building a Shared Future for All Life on Earth”. In: United Nations. New York. Cited 10 November 2021.

UN Nutrition. 2021. 2021.The role of aquatic foods in sustainable healthy diets. Discussion Paper.

UNSD (United Nations Statistics Division). 2022a. The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2020. Progress summary for SDG targets with a 2020 deadline. In: United Nations. New York. Cited 8 March 2022.

UNSD. 2022b. SDG Indicators Database. In: United Nations. New York. Cited 1 May 2022.

UNSD. 2022c. SDG Indicators: Metadata repository. In: United Nations. New York. Cited 1 May 2022.

UNSD. 2022d. SDG Indicators: Metadata repository. In: United Nations. New York. Cited 1 May 2022.

UNSD. 2022e. SDG Indicators: Metadata repository. In: United Nations. New York. Cited 1 May 2022.

UNSD. 2022f. SDG Indicators: Metadata repository. In: United Nations. New York. Cited 1 May 2022.

UN Women. 2021.Turning promises into action: Gender equality in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. New York.

Van Anrooy, R., Carvalho, N., Kitts, A., Mukherjee, R., Van Eijs, S., Japp, D. & Ndao, S. 2021. Review of the techno-economic performance of the main global fishing fleets. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 654. Rome.

Vandergeest, P, Marschke, M & MacDonnell, M. 2021. Seafarers in fishing: A year into the COVID-19 pandemic. Marine Policy, 134: 104796. Cited 17 December 2021.

Venugopalan, N. 2018. The Santiago de Compostela Declaration: Promoting equal opportunities in fisheries and aquaculture. Yemaya Newsletter, 58.

Von Braun, J., Afsana, K., Fresco, L.O. & Hassan, M. 2021. Food systems: seven priorities to end hunger and protect the planet. Nature, 597: 28–30.

WHO (World Health Organization). 2022. WHO Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dashboard. Cited 7 June 2022.

Wijaya, A. & Junianto. 2021. Review Article: Fish bone collagen. Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, 11(6): 33–39.

Williams, M.J., Porter, M., Choo, P.S., Kusakabe, K., Vuki, V., Gopal, N. & Bondad-Reantaso, M., eds. 2012. Gender in aquaculture and fisheries: Moving the agenda forward. Asian Fisheries Science (Special Issue) 25S.

Witteveen, A. 2021. COVID-19 analysis impacts on the UK seafood processing sector. In: Seafish. Cited 18 January 2022.

WorldFish. 2021. African women join forces to overcome COVID-19 challenges in aquatic food systems. In: WorldFish. Cited 17 December 2021.

WTO (World Trade Organization). 1995. Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. Geneva.

WTO. 2021. Glossary. In: WTO. Geneva. Cited 22 November 2021.

WTO. 2022. Statistics on merchandise trade. In: WTO. Geneva. Cited 21 April 2022.

Ye, Y., Cochrane, K., Bianchi, G., Willmann, R., Majkowski, J., Tandstad, M. & Carocci, F. 2013. Rebuilding global fisheries: the World Summit Goal, costs and benefits. Fish and Fisheries, 14(2): 174–185.

Ye, Y. & Gutierrez, N.L. 2017. Ending fishery overexploitation by expanding from local successes to globalized solutions. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 1: 0179.

Yuan, Y., Yuan, Y.M., Dai, Y., Miao, W. & Yuan, X. 2022. Preliminary investigation on the impact of COVID-19 on aquaculture in China: A case study on farmed tilapia and channel catfish sector. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1243. Rome, FAO.

Zhang, W., Belton, B., Edwards, P., Henriksson, P.J.G., Little, D.C., Newton, R. & Troell, M. 2022. Aquaculture will continue to depend more on land than sea. Nature, 603: E2–E4. Cited 25 March 2022.

back to top TOP