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COVID-19 and the risk to food supply chains: How to respond?










FAO. 2020. COVID-19 and the risk to food supply chains: How to respond? Rome. 




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    Bottlenecks, risks and stresses in the cotton supply chain in Burkina Faso
    Recommendations to increase its resilience
    2023
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    Cotton plays an important role in the economy of Burkina Faso, accounting for about 4 percent of GDP and 14 percent of export earnings. The COVID 19 pandemic had a strong impact on international cotton supply chains, with confinement measures affecting sales of textiles and apparel as well as international logistics, which in turn affected cotton markets and disturbed trade and international prices. In addition, national cotton supply chains are vulnerable to other shocks and stresses such as droughts, pests, storms, and irregular weather patterns resulting from climate change. This study aimed to identify major bottlenecks, risks and stresses affecting the cotton supply chain in Burkina Faso, with the purpose of deriving lessons to strengthen its resilience capacity and development, and with it, to improve the situation of the millions of livelihoods dependent on the cotton supply chain. The findings show that disruption in global cotton markets led to lower domestic cotton purchase prices in Burkina Faso, but that the overall impact on cotton domestic markets was limited. Nonetheless, poverty and food security was negatively affected. Key constraints include low incomes, natural capital, availability and costs of irrigation systems and tractors, and the availability of financial options. The low level of domestic processing of cotton fibre is also considered an important bottleneck. The key risks to the cotton supply chain in Burkina Faso are identified as climate change, pests and insecurity. Furthermore, governance issues negatively impacts on farmer’s motivation, farming skills, extension services and the availability of financing options.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Responding to the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on food value chains through efficient logistics 2020
    Measures implemented around the world to contain the COVID-19 pandemic have entailed a severe reduction not only in the transportation of goods and services that rely on transport, but also in the migration of labour domestically and internationally. Workers are less available reflecting both disruptions in transportation systems and restrictions to stop the transmission of the disease, within and across borders. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) urges countries to maintain functioning food value chains to avoid food shortages, following practices that are being proven to work. This note summarizes some practices that could be useful for governments and the private sector to maintain critical logistical elements in food value chain.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    COVID-19 impacts on agri-food value chains
    Libya
    2021
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    The rapid escalation of the COVID-19 pandemic highlighted structural problems with Libyan food and agriculture value chains. Nine years of protracted conflict weakened Libya’s agriculture and deteriorated its food and agribusiness sector. The entire value chain is underdeveloped, is not well integrated and depends on imports, making it vulnerable to global supply shocks. The pandemic response requires a strong policy responses starting by making food and nutrition assistance at the heart of social protection programmes in Libya and to keep the food value chain alive by focusing on key logistics bottlenecks. Libya will benefit from keeping the global food trade open to be able to keep physical and economic access to food feasible and sustainable. Libya may rethink its food security to ensure strong and significant recovery from both conflict and COVID-19 crisis.

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