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ISPM 46. Commodity-specific standards for phytosanitary measures

Adopted 2022










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    Book (stand-alone)
    Regional Standards for Phytosanitary Measures. Guidelines for the pest risk analysis on scale insects associated with commodities for human consumption 2007
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    This standard provides guidelines for assessing the quarantine risks posed by scale insects and the risk management measures that may be applied. The scope of this standard is restricted to scale insects affecting fresh fruit and vegetables for human consumption moving in international trade, and excludes plants and plant products intended for propagation or processing. Guidelines for pest risk analysis include consideration of aspects of initiation, assessment of probability of introduction and spread, and assessment of potential economic consequences. Options for risk management include sourcing the commodities from pest free areas, in-field management of the insects, areas of low pest prevalence, pre-export or on arrival phytosanitary inspection and possible remedial action, and disinfestation. This standard was endorsed by the twenty-fourth session of the Asia and Pacific Plant Protection Commission (APPPC) held in Bangkok, Thailand in September 2005. Regional standards for phytosa nitary measures are developed and adopted by APPPC as part of the plant protection programme of the Commission's contracting parties to support regional harmonization and facilitate trade of commodities by member countries.
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    Regional Standards for Phytosanitary Measures. Guidelines for the development of heat disinfestation treatments of fruit fly host commodities 2004
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    Phytosanitary measures are often required for imported commodities to prevent the introduction of quarantine pests. Such measures need to be appropriate for a specific commodity and effective against the quarantine pests of that commodity. Among the options available, heat treatment is regarded as one the measures that is environmentally friendly and free from residues. Endorsed by the twenty-third session of the Asia and Pacific Plant Protection Commission (APPPC) held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in August 2003, these guidelines describe methods for identifying and developing appropriate heat disinfestation treatments against quarantine fruit flies in host commodities traded by APPPC member countries. Regional standards for phytosanitary measures are developed and adopted by APPPC as part of the plant protection programme of the Commission's contracting parties to support regional harmonization and facilitate trade of commodities by member countries.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Regional status of pest surveillance in the context of ISPM No. 6: International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures – Guidelines for Pest Surveillance
    Analysis of the responses to the Implementation Review and Support System (IRSS) questionnaire from APPPC countries
    2012
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    An fundamental activity of national plant protection organizations is to conduct pest surveillance. For the purpose of international trade, the results of pest surveillance provide the basis for pest listing, identification of pest status, pest categorization and the conduct of pest risk analyses. In 1997, the International Plant Protection Convention issued the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) No. 6: Guidelines for surveillance to assist national organizations in the imp lementation of this critical activity. In 2011, it was decided to review these guidelines and identify challenges faced by the contracting parties for implementation, as well as identify resources for resolving those challenges. At the request of the Standards Committee of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), the Implementation Review and Support System will catalogue the challenges faced and make recommendations to the review panel of ISPM No. 6 on ways to improve the standard. It will also gather examples of best practices globally so that appropriate training materials and manuals might be prepared under the capacity development programme of the IPPC. For the purpose of this review, a questionnaire was developed and distributed among national plant protection organizations. Seventeen countries from Asia and the Pacific region responded to this call and completed the questionnaire, composed of three parts: the questionnaire, technical resources and best practices. Th e results from the survey were compiled and analyzed, and are presented in this publication, which reflects the current status of pest surveillance in the region. Conclusions and recommendations are included in the report.

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